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The CBS Radio Workshop Radio Program

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First CBS Radio Workshop spot ad from January 27, 1956
First CBS Radio Workshop spot ad from January 27, 1956

Aldous Huxley, 60 at the time, performed both narration and exposition for the first two CBS Radio Workshop productions, Huxley's Brave New World in two parts
Aldous Huxley, 60 at the time,
performed both narration and
exposition for the first two
CBS Radio Workshop produc-
tions, Huxley's Brave New World
in two parts.

Huxley's Brave New World, a First Edition copy from 1932
Huxley's Brave New World, a First Edition copy from 1932

Dr. Frank Baxter illustrates the Stratford on Avon Stage for the CBS Camera
Dr. Frank Baxter illustrates the Stratford on Avon Stage for the CBS Camera

The Exurbanites, A.C. Spectorsky's fascinating lens onto the World of post-World War II Advertising, served as the basis for Program #10 of CBS Radio Workshop
The Exurbanites, A.C. Spectorsky's fascinating lens onto the World of
post-World War II Advertising,
served as the basis for Program #10
of CBS Radio Workshop

Two business legends, AFL-CIO leader George Meaney on the left, lights a cigar for Real Estate Tycoon William Zeckendorf, ca. 1956
Two business legends, AFL-CIO leader George Meaney on the left, lights a
cigar for Real Estate Tycoon William Zeckendorf, ca. 1956

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, very much the stuff of legends, was both an historic French aviator as well as a gifted novelist.  He wrote The Little Prince prior to his service with The Free French during World War II, during which he was shot down during an intelligence mission somewhere over the Rhone Valley, ca. July 1944, at the age of 43
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, himself very much the stuff of legend, was both an historic French aviator as well as a
gifted novelist. He wrote The Little
Prince prior to his service with The
Free French during World War II,
during which he was shot down
during an intelligence mission somewhere over the Rhone Valley,
ca. July 1944, at the age of 43.
The Little Prince was Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's contribution to American Literature.  He wrote the charming novel while living on Long Island at Asharoken in the summer and fall of 1942
The Little Prince was Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's contribution to American Literature. He wrote the charming
novel while living on Long Island at Asharoken in the summer and fall
of 1942

A thumbnail sketch of H.L. Mencken, ca. 1931
A thumbnail sketch of H.L. Mencken,
ca. 1931

Star Boy traced the Blackfoot/Sioux legend that comprises those Nations' equivalent of the Christian Nativity and Easter tales
Star Boy traced the Blackfoot/Sioux legend that comprises those Nations' equivalent of the Christian Nativity and Easter tales.

Subways Are for Sleeping was a Harper's Bazaar short story by Edmund G. Love adapted for CBS Radio Workshop's 28th Program of the same name.
Subways Are for Sleeping was a Harper's Bazaar short story by Edmund G. Love adapted for CBS Radio Workshop's 28th Program of the same name.

The Story of Oedipus and his gruesome fate, above portrayed by Sir Laurence Olivier with Sybil Thorndike as Jocasta, ca. 1945
The Story of Oedipus and his gruesome fate, above portrayed by Sir Laurence Olivier with Sybil Thorndike as Jocasta, ca. 1945

Hector Chevigny with his secretary Beatrice Dal Negro from 1946
Hector Chevigny with his secretary Beatrice Dal Negro from 1946

One of the few modern texts to capture The Legend of Annie Christmas, Virginia Hamilton's Her Stories was a 1996 Coretta Scott King Award winner
One of the few modern texts to capture The Legend of Annie Christmas, Virginia Hamilton's Her Stories was a 1996 Coretta Scott King Award winner

Robert Nathan turned his three Harper's Magazine article on the Weans into a 1960 novel.
Robert Nathan turned his three Harper's Magazine article on the Weans into a 1960 novel.

Carl Sandburg, ca. 1955
Carl Sandburg, ca. 1955

Sophie Tucker, ca. 1956
Sophie Tucker, ca. 1956

Honoré de Balzac, ca. 1820s
Honoré de Balzac, ca. 1820s

Space Merchants paperback, ca. 1960
Space Merchants paperback,
ca. 1960

The legendary Ampex 200, the darling of the Radio networks, ca. 1956
The legendary Ampex 200, the darling
of the Radio networks, ca. 1956

The 'stars' of Program 69, I Have Three Heads, the three heads of an Ampex 200 reel-to-reel tape recorder
The 'stars' of Program 69, I Have Three Heads, the three heads of an Ampex 200 reel-to-reel tape recorder

Pulitzer Prize winning composter Norman Dello Joio, ca. 1964
Pulitzer Prize winning composer
Norman Dello Joio, ca. 1964
Mr. Dello Joio, one of America's great Master composers, passed away last
year in July 2008 at the age of 95.

James G. Thurber, ca. 1955
James G. Thurber, ca. 1955

Heinlein's ironic Space tale, The Green Hills of Earth, first published in the February 8, 1947 edition of The Saturday Evening Post
Heinlein's ironic Space tale, The Green Hills of Earth, first published in the February 8, 1947 edition of The
Saturday Evening Post

Malihini Magic relates the tale of romantic expectations of a vacation in The Territory of Hawaii
Malihini Magic relates the tale of romantic expectations of a vacation in The Territory of Hawaii

By the late 1930s Ferde Grofé, Jr.'s father Ferde Grofé, Sr. was considered a possible successor to George Gershwin.
By the late 1930s Ferde Grofé Jr.'s father Ferde Grofé Sr. was considered a possible successor to George Gershwin. Still doesn't ring any bells? Try this: 'Grand Canyon Suite.' Yes, THAT Ferde Grofé.

CBS Radio Workshop's last production was dedicated to Yale University's Class of '61, through Sinclair Lewis' poignant tale of Young Man Axelbrod
CBS Radio Workshop's last production was dedicated to Yale University's Class of '61, through Sinclair Lewis' poignant tale of Young Man Axelbrod


The Columbia Broadcasting System has produced some of Radio's most cutting edge, innovative, and popular programming in Radio History. Whether viewed in the context of their chronological timing in American cultural history or as compared to contemporary standards, much of CBS' more innovative programs represented extraordinary standards of excellence. Even efforts that fell flat in relative terms, were nonetheless mounted with the very finest talent, engineering, and writing ever aired. In that context, we need throw out only three examples for starters: Orson Welles, Norman Corwin and Edward R. Murrow.

Beginning with CBS' Columbia Workshop from 1936 to 1947, CBS set out to experiment with Radio--to push that invisible envelope of the speed of sound, the speed of light, and to capitalize on the human listeners' comparitively narrow band of audible sound. Not so much experiment in terms of hardware technology, as in Radio's earliest efforts in 'broad casting' radio transmissions, but in concept, engineering, scoring and production technique. The most well-known and widely acclaimed proponent of these techniques was Norman Corwin. Corwin was so critically and popularly successful in experimental broadcasts that CBS gave him virtual carte blanche to produce whatever projects he deemed of possible interest--at least until the HUAC years anyway. Corwin's well-deserved acclaim aside, the various other CBS experimental programming efforts over the years very much set the bar for other networks.

CBS Radio Workshop, though every bit as innovative and cutting edge as the Columbia Workshop effort nine years earlier, was unfortunately too little too late in many respects. It certainly made perfect sense for CBS to expend one last effort to recapture the rapt attention its broadcasts of the late 1930s and 1940s achieved. Those programs were very much the 'water cooler' type of production that programmers always aspire to. 'Water cooler' in reference to the type of program that people might discuss over the water cooler at their workplace the following morning. Had CBS simply continued its Columbia Workshop right on through the 1940s and 1950s it might well have held onto its critical and popular accolades without having to 'recapture' anything.

Between 1947 and 1957 the National Broadcasting Company had already recovered from the Court-ordered break up and consolidation of its various Red, Blue, White, Gold and Orange networks and had begun to mount their own prestigious 'experimental' counter-programming productions to growing success. Their NBC University Theatre of The Air and NBC University Theater productions, as well as their various NBC Presents productions had aired to equally well-deserved acclaim. NBC's highly acclaimed Monitor program, a natural evolution from their Road Show and NBC Nightline programming eventually aired for twenty years, from 1955 through 1975. Indeed, NBC brilliantly limited its Monitor broadcasts to weekend programming, which allowed it to co-exist relatively successfully with the exponentially growing popularity of Television programming throughout the same period.

And yet, in spite of--or perhaps because of--the extraordinary competition for the remaining sliver of Radio audience attention--as Television began to suck the life out of Broadcast Radio, the CBS Radio Workshop managed to achieve equally well-deserved attention for it's last two seasons of experimental Radio.

Though inviting digression, one might just as well review the program details immediately below for a complete understanding of the unprecedented resources CBS was prepared to devote to this two-year undertaking. In virtually every category, the technical and artistic talent mounted for these eighty-six programs represented the very finest talent CBS possessed at the time. Marshalling resources from both coasts, CBS assembled virtually every major talent within and without their considerable organization in a full-court press to reassert their preeminence in Broadcast excellence.

Nor did they simply throw everything but the kitchen sink at this project. A review of the various collaborators for each of the eighty-six productions reveals many recurring combinations of talent that had worked together with great success in past productions. And in those productions that brought specific artists and technicians together for the first time, it's clear that all parties to those productions had long sought to work together. From simply the selection of an announcer or narrator to the choice of director for each production, it becomes obvious that no detail of any of these productions was overlooked to assure the very highest standard of excellence in every program.

CBS launches its Radio Workshop with Science Fiction

CBS Radio Workshop opened the season with Aldous Huxley's thought-provoking Brave New World, a two-part offering that would run for the production's first two weeks. In typical CBS Radio Workshop fashion, the program was narrated and exposited by no less than Aldous Huxley himself, 60 at the time. The announcer for the first two presentations was no less than William Conrad. The amazing score was written and directed by Bernard Herrmann. Joe Kearns, Billy Idelson, Herb Butterfield, Parley Baer, Lurene Tuttle, Doris Singleton, Vic Perrin, Gloria Henry, Charlotte Lawrence, Sam Edwards, Jack Kruschen, William Conrad and Byron Kane performed in both parts of the two-week presentation. We could stop right here and reflect on the level of talent the West Coast cast alone represented. But this is simply an example of the talent and effort that went into all subsequent programs.

Brave New World, for the uninitiated, was very much a template for the extraordinarily successful The Matrix trilogy of films that generated over $1.6B worldwide over four years. For its time, Brave New World was one of the era's most influential, cutting edge science fiction books ever published. For those who have never seen The Matrix, Brave New World forecasts a civilization centered in London, some 632 years into the future, in which Man's machines have overtaken Man himself. Human reproduction has become completely automated, as well as the nurturing and educational processes. Now having become victim to Man's own modernization, the two part program examines every conceivable extreme of such a distopian civilization and its plight.

The Matrix trilogy incorporated several fascinating send-ups to Huxley's Brave New World over the course of the three films, but even more telling was a fascinating comparison between The Matrix's description in its extras section of the DVD which compares remarkably well with the following vignette about Brave New World and its foley production challenges:

"The sound effects man went slightly crazy trying to figure how to depict the assembly line of a factory that manufactures babies in 2556.  Here's how he did it:  he tape recorded these ingredients--a metronome, tom tom beats, bubbling water, air hose, cow moo, a boing, oscillator, dripping water and three kinds of wine glasses clinking together.  The first time the tape was played, the producer wasn't satisfied.
   So the sound man ran the tape backwards and added an echo.  That did it."

Dyed in the wool The Matrix fans will recall an almost verbatim description of the means by which the sound mixers concocted a similar effect for The Matrix. The Matrix was an international sensation when it first appeared. Brave New World created an identical stir across America in the mid-1950s. The program was so successful that subsequent stand-alone recordings were pressed into a special edition LP record of the two part program. Huxley revisited Brave New World in 1958, two years after it aired over CBS Radio Workshop, in a retrospective of the original book and its predictable fallout--appropriately titled Brave New World Revisited. Both cutting edge fiction and prophetic philosophy, the book experienced several attempts to have it banned from schools by Right-wing reactionary groups and religious groups alike. Quite understandably, the fallout from Brave New World and Brave New World Revisited compares to the suppression characterized in George Orwell's 1984, yet another prophetic cautionary tale of the dangers of fascism in any form, be it cultural, religious, political, economic, or technological.

With such a formidable start to the season, one might have expected Brave New World to be a tough act to follow. On the heels of Brave New World, CBS Radio Workshop introduced the world to University of California professor George Stewart and his fascinating Storm. Stirringly narrated by William Conrad. The story of the birth and life cycle of a killer storm as it passed over the Pacific Ocean might well have been dismissed by other Network Radio programmers. Instructive as it was dramatic, the tale of the geophysical vagaries of simple changes in air pressure and its flow over the planet, takes on a life of its own as it describes in expository detail every conceivable effect of a bad storm on the life forces and technology over which it passes as it runs its course. Not your average Radio fare, to be sure, but 'average Radio fare' wasn't CBS Radio Workshop's portfolio.

Two of Sci-Fi author Ray Bradbury's short character studies followed in Program #4, 'Season of Disbelief' and 'Hail and Farewell', both introduced by Ray Bradbury himself, and narrated by John Dehner and Stacy Harris respectively. The musical accompaniment for both studies was scored and conducted by young Jerry Goldsmith.

The series' fifth offering was the first of four fascinating colloquies during the series' run. The first colloquy pitted the various aspirants to the true authorship of some of Shakespeare's works against each other. In a debate of the relative merits behind each of their claims, Hans Conreid as Christopher Marlowe, Jay Novello as Sir Francis Bacon, and Ramsey Hill as the 17th Earl of Oxford each make their case to Dr. Frank Baxter, and Ben Wright as Shakespeare.

The three subsequent colloquies came at Program #30, A Dissertation on Love, Program #32, An Analysis of Satire, and Program #41, The Joe Miller Joke Book. A Dissertation on Love pitted three imaginary 'observers', Sir Eustice Ponsenby from London portrayed by Ben Wright, Monsieur Lucien Doran from Paris portrayed by Shepard Mencken, and imaginary Hollywood movie star 'Tuck Flint' depicted by Peter Leeds. Dr. Frank Baxter again served as moderator. The third colloquy, An Analysis of Satire, was less a colloquy than a simple dissertation on various illustrations of satire. Stan Freberg and his frequent ensemble of June Foray, Alan Reed and Daws Butler illustrate several fascinating vignettes on satire, accompanied by a Lyn Murray score. The final colloquy of the run, Colloquy No. 4 - The Joe Miller Joke Book, again featured Dr. Frank Baxter as the moderator, providing a 25-minute exploration of the history of the joke, featuring the mythical Joe Miller himself, providing the satirical verisimilitude to the proceedings.

Clifton Fadiman narrates Program #6, The Voice of A City - The Voice of New York, in which the cacophony of sounds of a great city are painstakingly documented by Tony Schwartz and his soon to be ubiquitous portable tape-recorder.

Program #7 brought one of the season's more controversial topics, in A Report On E.S.P - A Study of Clairvoyance, Telepathy, and Extra Sensory Perception, dramatizing documented cases of E.S.P. and mental telepathy events. The program was narrated by John McIntire and starred Raymond Burr, with a vocal by Norma Zimmer and scoring by Amerigo Moreno.

Cops and Robbers was Program #8's fascinating treatment of an imaginary crime dealt with on air by actual crime fighters. Stanley Niss created, wrote, directed and produced the program. The real 'cops' were all retired detectives from New York's Police Department: Lt. Dan Campion, and detectives Howard C. Clancy, Jerry Haney and Richard Jacobson.

Program #9 brought The Legend of Jimmy Blue-Eyes, a candid dramatization of the New Orleans Blues-playing traditions and its environment. Ray Noble scored the original sound track. Matty Cline, Tom Petersen, Matty Matlock, Sammy Weiss, Nat Farber, and Larry Breen performed the musical track and background pieces. Jimmy Dodd of Walt Disney Mouseketeers fame performed in the role of Jimmy Blue-Eyes.

The Exurbanites was Program #10's examination of the extraordinary flight of workers and professionals alike from urban centers for the exponentially growing suburban communities surrounding and servicing large cities. Narrated by famous War Correspondent Eric Sevareid, the program dramatized the difficulties in making a 'dream home' in Suburbia, against the backdrop of the realities of commuting to urban centers. The program is cleverly framed through the notoriously manipulative prism of the Advertising Industry and their efforts to 'sell' Suburbia to America.

CBS Radio Workshop revisits the fascinating tale of Cinderella, updated to contemporary standards by Lurene Tuttle and Vincent Price in Program #11's Speaking of Cinderella, or If the Shoe Fits . . ., in one of the series' true underrated gems. Any juxtaposition of these two legendary Radio actors is a treat, but in this context, the two gifted actors--and their amazing versatility--genuinely shine. Their fascinating interplay is underscored by a delightfully light musical treatment by Jeff Alexander.

Jacob's Hands was Program #12's contribution, a second outing by Aldous Huxley, this time narrated by his collaborator, Christopher Isherwood. Another West Coast production, the program stars Hans Conried, Harry Bartell, Helen Kleeb, Herb Butterfield, Janet Stewart, John Dehner, Lawrence Dobkin, Parley Baer, Vic Perrin, Virginia Gregg, and William Conrad. A farm hand discovers that he has the power to heal others and explores the inevitable complications and compromises of his 'gift'.

Program #13 was a fascinating exploration of Manhattan Real Estate Tycoon William Zeckendorf and his realty empire, titled appropriately, A Living Portrait of A Man In Action - William Zeckendorf, Tycoon, a story even more prescient in the light of early 21st Century economic developments.

The Record Collectors, the Workshop's fourteenth production, was a satirical exploration into the hobby of collecting some of history's most memorable and obscure recorded music. The narrative weaves the tale from the perspective of two highly eccentric 'noted record collectors' named Dr. Vincent Arbogast, portrayed by Howard McNear and Mr. Titus McFattridge, portrayed by Lou Houston. Lyn Murray, Margaret Whiting and Miss Maggie Young leant a voice of reality to the proceedings. Howard McNear in this instance is pure McNear at his finest--one of his most memorable portrayals.

Perhaps even more 'historically esoteric' was Program #15, an original operetta fashioned around the 'historic first war between the states', recounting the battle between Michigan and Ohio over the city of Toledo. Titled The Toledo War, or The Michigander's Bride, an opera by David Broekman, with libretto by Edward Eager. The story takes place in pre-Civil War time--in 1835, a war between states that predated The Civil War by thirty years.

The Enormous Radio was the sixteenth program in the line up, spinning a fascinating tale of an enormous radio capable of picking up local neighbors' converations and interactions--in lieu of normal broadcasts. With Hans Conreid in the lead, the program is quite reminiscent of Arch Oboler's cult film The Twonky (1953), which also starred Hans Conreid. Whereas The Twonky featured an out of control early television set, The Enormous Radio featured a similarly independent radio receiver.

The distinguished and gifted actress Miss Helen Hayes and her Drama Group headlined Program #17, Lovers, Villains and Fools. Something of a Shakespeare sampler for the unititiated, the program explored the various villains, lovers and fools that make up the majority of Shakespeare's plays and sonnets.

The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry was CBS Radio Workshop's eighteenth offering, a charmingly framed science fiction fantasy about a little visitor to Earth from Planet B-212. Wonderfully narrated by Raymond Burr, the protagonist is startled awake in the middle of the desert by a little extra-terrestrial Prince, charmingly portrayed by Richard Beals. A wonderful departure for Raymond Burr, it's one of his most memorable Radio performances. The delightful underlying music score was by René Garriguenc, as conducted by Wilbur Hatch.

Program #19 was more reminiscent of the underlying premise of Seinfeld, in that it was a radio rehearsal about nothing . . . that led to something . . . or nothing, as the case may be. Titled A Matter of Logic: A Study in Semantics, or A Play On Words, it was equally reminiscent of some of the more irreverant rehearsals from Radio's Gunsmoke. With William Conrad in the leading role, the stars and performers of an imaginary Radio program portray themselves as they try to penetrate the apparently impenetratable script they've been presented. Conrad's cohorts in the presentation were Parley Baer, Mary Jane Croft, Stacy Harris, Hugh Douglas, Fred MacKaye, Ben Wright, Robert Chadwick, and Bill James, all of whom have their chance to throw in their two cents regarding the script. One of the series' most entertaining productions, it's clearly designed to leave both cast and listener with more unanswered questions than answers.

Bring On The Angels was Program #20 in the series. An H.L. Mencken revival of his life and times as a newspaperman, the program aired shortly after the legendary writer's death. Poignantly, humorously, and sensitively framed, Mason Adams portrays H.L. Mencken as a younger man and Luis Van Rooten portrays Mencken as an older man. A legendary defender of freedom of conscience and civil rights, and an ardent and eloquent opponent of persecution, injustice, puritanism, and self-righteousness in any form, Mencken himself narrates the exposition. As an historic time capsule alone, this program is one of the series most memorable.

The Stronger was a one-act opera by Hugo Weisgall. The production's 21st program, sung by Adelaide Bishop, the orchestra was arranged and conducted by Alfredo Antonini. One of the production's most taxing programs, listeners and critics alike either hated it or loved it. Let's call a spade a spade. It was one of CBS Radio Workshop's rare stinkers.

Gifted Radio actors Ben Wright and William Conrad get a chance to write for Radio with the Workshop's Program #22, Another Point of View, or Hamlet Revisited. The program deconstructs Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, with William Conrad and Ben Wright themselves analyzing the logic behind both the character Hamlet and the play. Conrad and Wright's performances--and observations--are wonderfully amusing . . . and quite logical, as it ultimately turns out.

Program #23 revisits the legendary maid, Joan D'Arc, in a deconstruction of the events leading up to and surrounding her infamous trial. The Eternal Joan brings together written accounts by Jean Anouilh, Anatole France, Lillian Hellman, Friedrich von Schiller, George Bernard Shaw, Mark Twain, and Voltaire, among others, and makes a fascinating, historically accurate case for how the events actually went down.

Portrait of Paris was CBS Radio Workshop's 24th presentation, the second of four such portraits that would air during the production's run. Narrated by CBS Paris Correspondent David Schoenbrun the program traces a sound portrait of one of Europe's great, historic cities. Preceded by the sound portrait of Program #6, The Voice of A City - The Voice of New York, A Portrait of London and Epitaphs - Portrait of an American Town followed at Program Nos. 26 and 70, respectively. CBS Radio Workshop was particularly well equipped to produce these fascinating sound portraits. Drawing on the experience of some of Radio's most legendary correspondents, each of the resulting sound portraits bring their target population centers alive with both the ubiquitous sounds many of us take for granted, and the often overlooked sounds that make each city unique for its Age and cultural history. Epitaphs - with the Words from Spoon River Anthology, departed from the preceding sound portraits in respect to the dramatic underpinning of the portrait. More the dramatic presentation of the four, it evoked an equally persuasive image of archetypal small town life as characteristic as the vivid sound imagery recorded for its big city counterparts in the series.

Program #25 was a mildly engaging satire of Detective Mysteries, The Case of The White Kitten. Hinting at New York City as the location for the mystery, the production stars Kenny Delmar, Mason Adams, Audrey Christie, Berry Kroeger, and Ed Latimer. Interesting in concept, the production tends to fall a bit flat as both a satire and as an underlying mystery. Employing a tape-recorder for one of six times during the run of CBS Radio Workshop, the use of the tape-recorder in this setting simply distracts from the production. The script also tends to ramble in a discordant manner. Not CBS Radio Workshop's finest half-hour.

Star Boy - The Blackfoot Indian Legend of the Two Morning Stars was CBS Radio Workshop's 27th program, a culturally sensitive and accurate dramatization of the ancient story of love describing the two morning stars that can be witnessed side by side at various times of the year. Woven from both Blackfoot Nation legend and traditional folklore, the story traces as far back as the Middle Ages of North America to describe the evolution of the legend. The Workshop went to great lengths to both accurately score and provide the sound effects to accompany the legend. Drawing from authentic Blackfoot and Sioux Indian traditional melodies, they also enlisted the support of Cornell University's Department of Ornithology for the calls of the Whooping Crane which accompanied the sound shaping for the production.

Program #28, Subways Are For Sleeping was a sensitive and poignant adaptation of Edmund G. Love's famous short story that revolved around vagrant Henry Shelby, as he sought to live as civilized and 'normal' a life as possible, though destitute in New York City. The title comes from the story's last line, in which responding to a logical question as to why he doesn't use the subway for transportation around New York City, he ironically observes, "Subways are for sleeping." Byron Kane portrayed Henry Shelby to great effect. William N. Robson produced and directed the program.

Joseph Julian narrates the Workshop's 29th production, Only Johnny Knows - An Appraisal of the Three Ages of Child Raising, an examination of child-rearing throughout American History. Less an examination of the problems that beset childhood, it concentrates more on the historical shortcomings of parenthood.

The Billion Dollar Failure of Figger Fallup was not only a mouthful for announcer Bob Hite, it was a very entertaining and amusing study of Lucifer himself, as he hires a firm of advertising pollsters to attempt to predict how many souls he might expect to be entrusted to his 'care' over the course of the following twenty years. CBS Workshop's 3oth broadcast, the production features Joseph Julian, Robert Dryden as Lucifer, and Elaine Rost, and was directed by Paul Roberts in New York. Figger Fallup's Factual Factotum is the highly specialized prognosticating division of an imaginary, archetypal Madison Avenue advertising agency.

Program #33 of the series is The Hither and Thither of Danny Dither, a musical comedy describing the successes and shortcomings of a 'celestial office boy' named Danny Dither, dispatched to Earth from The Department of Faith, Hope, and Charity to determine if anyone on Earth is still aware of their celestial 'Department'. Bobby Alford appears as Danny Dither and Lynn Lorring is Daisy.

Program #34 was a Sci-Fi fantasy by Robert Nathan, titled A Pride of Carrots, or Venus, Well Served, a fanciful tale of two Earth astronauts who travel to Venus only to discover that the 'love planet' is populated with intelligent carrots. Daws Butler, June Foray and Alan Reed steal the production with their various interpretations of the vegetable fauna of Earth--since the Venusians refer to Earth as Venus and their own planet as Earth. The fascinating caste system of the planet is revealed as a hierarchy of vegetables centered in the domain of Carrotania. The Princess of Carrotania aspires to be a 'great actress, selling cigarettes.' The Democratic Union of Carrotania's rivalry with The United Socialist Republics of Leeks and Onions serves as the core of 'Earth's' problems.

A Greek Classic is explored in Program #35, The Oedipus Story, narrated by Alexander Scourby. One of literary history's most tragic morality tales, the story traces the ultimate destiny of a son condemned by the Greek gods to kill his father and marry his mother. As unlikely as that eventuality might seem to young Oedipus, the gods indeed conspire to twist fate so that Oedipus ultimately fulfills their gruesome prophecy. Elspeth Eric is Lavinia, Peggy Allenby is Christine, Jack Manning appears as Orin and Oedipus, and Roger DeKoven appears as General Mannon and King Laius. The experimental elements of the production come from the interweaving of the various famous interpretations of the Greek tragedy through the years--from Sophocles to Eugene O'Neill. The score is also another experimental CBS Radio Workshop addition to the production.

Samuel Clemens [Mark Twain] serves as the inspiration for the Workshop's 36th production, Roughing It, showcasing Luis Van Rooten as Samuel Clemens in a fascinating tongue-in-cheek tale in Clemens' own words recounting his time out West serving as secretary to his brother, Orion Clemens, who'd been appointed Secretary of The Nevada Territory.

Program #37, A Writer At Work, is a fascinating docudrama which provides a behind-the-mike exploration of the life and processes of an actual Radio script writer, Hector Chevigny. Chevigny was a writer for Radio's long-running The Second Mrs. Burton (1942 - 1960). The program provides a telling account of the trials and travails of a serial melodrama writer and his daily efforts to churn out yet another installment for one of Radio's longest running soap operas.

The Legend of Annie Christmas is a beautiful story of the Ghost of Annie Christmas. In the Workshop's 38th program, William Conrad narrates the exposition for the story and Amanda Randolph portrays Annie Christmas. Depicted as the early slaves' equivalent of Paul Bunyan or Pecos Bill, Annie Christmas is a genuinely larger than life mythical character of inspiration to pre-Civil War slaves. Claiming to have "borne 12 sons at one birth," Annie Christmas backs down from no one and stands up for everyone. Wonderfully portrayed by Amanda Randolph, remembered for her role as Sapphire's mother in TV's Amos and Andy, she is often mistaken for her sister Lillian Randolph, who became a Film icon as the cook and housekeeper for The Baileys in Frank Capra's It's A Wonderful Life. Born within two years of each other and very similar in appearance, both enjoyed long Film and Television careers. [As a personal aside, both famous sisters are interred within twenty feet of the father of the writer of this article.] William Conrad serves up legend upon legend with increasing gravitas, as only William Conrad truly could.

Program #39 in the series is the French Drama, When the Mountain Fell, a novel written by Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz, and adapted for Radio by Draper Lewis. Time Magazine's review of the English edition of the book, best summarizes the story:

"October 13, 1947
When the Mountain Fell is the artfully simple story of what happened when a landslide wiped out a herders' settlement in the Swiss Alps 200 years ago. Far below in the village of Aire, the roar was heard in the middle of a clear June night. Next morning, the lovely, cattle-dotted valley of Derborence was choked with the 150,000,000 cubic feet of rock that had loomed over the region as the Devil's Tower. In Aire nearly every house had lost a husband, son or brother. Thérèse, who was pregnant, had lost her young husband Antoine, and her uncle Seraphin, with whom he shared a hut.

Seven weeks later a wasted, ghostly figure crept down the mountainside to Aire. It was Antoine, who had incredibly survived because the rear wall of his cabin had been the cliff itself. Dazed and half-starved, he spends only one night at home, returns the next morning determined to find Seraphin, whose voice he had heard after the landslide. When the superstitious mountain men refuse to go with him, he crazily attacks the boulder-strewn waste with pick and shovel, is brought back to sanity only by the courage and understanding of his wife who has followed him up the mountainside."

The legend of Deborence is dramatically assisted by the beautifully atmospheric score composed and conducted by Lawrence Rosenthal.

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue was the aptly titled CBS Radio Workshop production that provided an unprecedented examination of The White House and its history. An Election Year, 1956 was the year Dwight Eisenhower successfully defended his first term, winning a second four-year term with a 57% majority. The Workshop's 40th program, and one of its best, is filled with fascinating trivia specific to the structure itself. The program also serves as a stirring paean to the symbolism of the structure and all it represents to both America and The World.

Program #42, Report On the Weans, was an adaptation of Robert Nathan's Harper's Magazine article of the same name. Robert Nathan weaves a fascinating hypothesis of what the World 6,000 years in the future might think of our civilization. Edgar Barrier, Hans Conried, Jay Novello, Joe DeSantis, Joseph Kearns, June Foray, Robert Nathan, Byron Kane, and Daws Butler spin a wonderfully engaging, albeit somewhat cynical, commentary on 1950s civilization. This was hands down one of the production's most engaging programs.

Sounds of A Nation was CBS Workshop's fourth sound portrait of the series. Program #43 dramatically and stirringly 'paints' its soundscape of America spanning most of the cultural, ethnic and historical waypoints in American history. From Plymouth Rock to Black Rock, CBS gathers the most vivid sound imagery achievable for its day in a twenty-five minute celebration of the sounds of Thanksgiving. Luis Van Rooten succinctly narrates the production.

Program #44, The King of The Cats, by Stephen Vincent Benet, examines the hypothetical continuum upon which the average human falls in either love or hatred of cats. Beautifully interweaving Benet's often florid prose with modern idiom, the narrator, Byron Kane as Tommy, gradually reveals the story of a symphony conductor with a cat's tail, with which he quite naturally conducts his orchestra. A Siamese Princess, so taken by the notion of the human conductor--Felix Thibeaux--with a cat's tail, predictably falls in love with him.

The Man In The Grey Flannel Overalls was Program #45 of the series. An amusing examination of the Post-World War II Do-It-Yourself movement, Joseph Julian, Berry Kroeger, Jackson Beck and Leon Janney are marvelous in this satirical study of the male ego.

Program #46 was a docudrama titled I Was the Duke: A Portrait of A Juvenile Delinquent. One of the production's genuinely experimental, cutting-edge programs, the narrative and exposition is a frank, candid study of two ex-convicts from San Quentin Prison. Unexpurgated in both language and content, it's shockingly realistic for its day.

The Law of Averages tends to be one of society's more ubiquitous euphemisms. CBS Radio Workshop's Program #47 examines what might happen when a day finally arrives during which The Law of Averages appears to have run its course. The Big Event, written by Gloria Dapper and Draper Lewis, adopts a highly revealing perspective on Man's normal expectations and the limits to which he all too often takes the Law of Averages for granted.

CBS Workshop's last production of the year was Program #48's All Is Bright, a lovely celebration of the Christmas Season. As the title implies, it's a history of the beautiful Christmas song, Silent Night. Tracing it's history in intimate--and often fanciful detail--the program is both educational and reflective of the almost universal appreciation of one of the season's most popular traditions. The program ends with a fittingly emotional and clearly spontaneous recital of the song, by cast and crew alike.

CBS Radio Workshop kicks off New Year 1957 with a celebration of Carl Sandburg's 79th birthday. Program #49, Carl Sandburg, American Minstrel is another historic time capsule showcasing poet, author and social activist Carl Sandburg, in his own words.

Famed Stage performer and Film star, Sophie Tucker makes her dramatic debut over Radio at the age of 72, in CBS Radio Workshop's Program #50, No Time For Heartaches. Timed to coincide with Ms. Tucker's 72nd birthday, the program becomes an instant historical recording the moment it's aired. Sophie Tucker holds little back in this highly candid and revealing retrospective on her extraordinary life and career. This is one of the series top ten 'keepers' from the run.

Fire At Malibu is a deja vu moment in CBS Radio Workshop. Program #51 in the production run, it traces the weather events behind the disastrous Malibu fires of December 1956. Very reminiscent of William Conrad's narration of Storm, CBS Radio Workshop's third program of 1956, Conrad repeats his gift for building suspense around a meteorological event. Giving the disaster the gravitas that only William Conrad could for his day, the program is a genuinely fascinating radio verite account of a natural disaster that ultimately took two lives and destroyed 95 homes.

Program #52 is a story of contrasts. The Crazy Life is an interesting and often poignant examination of the extremes in the life of the family of a professional comedian. Portrayed by Henry Morgan, the protagonist is the archetypal sad clown, surrounded by a family that's ambivalent about their deepest feelings about him. Morgan is supported by Santos Ortega, Elspeth Eric, Luis Van Rooten, and Bryna Raeburn.

La grande Breteche, by Avery Claflin is Program #53. Based on one of the many short stories that comprise Honoré de Balzac's encyclopedic fictional work, La Comedie Humaine [The Human Comedy], this original one-act opera makes its premiere on CBS Radio Workshop. One of endless variations on Balzac's legendary infidelities, the production is one of the series' better operatic offerings. It was subsequently packaged as a commercial LP.

Program #54 is another tour de force from William Conrad. The 1489 Words the title refers to are the number of words in four selections that Conrad reads over the course of the program's twenty-five minutes. The first 956 words are taken up by Alfred Noyes' classic thriller, The Highwayman. Brilliant young composer Jerry Goldsmith underscores each of Conrad's readings with a wonderfully atmospheric accompaniment. Conrad gives voice to Elizabeth Barrett with the next 128 words from her Sonnet 43, from The Portuguese (the soubriquet that Robert Browning lovingly christened her with). The next 398 words come from Thomas Wolfe's book, Of Time in The River, and the selection, The Thunder of Imperial Names. The final 7 words come from an ancient Japanese Tanka--a poem of only seven words, much like the limitations imposed by the Japanese Haiku form. The poem, Silence, ends Conrad's reading with the seven cosmic words, "The Butterfly Sleeps on The Temple Bell."

Programs #55 and #56 are another two-part CBS Radio Workshop Sci-Fi offering, Space Merchants by Frederik Pohl and Cyril M. Kornbluth. Widely recognized as one of science fiction's classics, it had only just been published in 1953, a year after its 1952 debut as Gravy Planet in Galaxy Science Fiction Magazine. Mitch Courtenay, portrayed by Staats Cotsworth, is a rising star copywriter for the fictional Fowler Schocken Advertising Agency tasked with mounting a biffo-socko campaign to promote the colonization of Venus. Unbeknownst to Courtenay, there are other forces at work. The resulting Space Mystery tests Mitch's loyalties and point of view over the course of the two-part, labyrinthine journey to the tale's ultimate dénouement. The two parts were absolutely rivetting Radio for the era.

The Ballad of The Iron Horse is The Workshop's 57th offering, a charming tale of an eight-wheel locomotive from the Civil War era that makes an inspiring comeback as an amusement park centerpiece. Yet another showcase of William Conrad's extraordinary versatility, the 'modern folktale' traces a rousing homage to the mythical little locomotive. Richard Crenna is featured as the young fireman who stays with the little engine to the end.

The series' only rebroadcast, Program #58 reprises Air Raid, an Archibald MacLeish play in verse, first scripted for 1938's Columbia Workshop. Originally aired as a distinctly anti-war cautionary tale, the rescripted, re-cast production varies little from the original. Aired in the Cold War setting of the mid-1950s, the program evokes the same effect, albeit more chillingly in view of the nuclear weapons that hung in the balance during the modern era.

The Endless Road was yet another Henry Fritch story. Aired as CBS Radio Workshop's 59th program, the story describes the construction of a Carribean road to nowhere that apparently keeps everyone associated with it quite content . . . until it appears to actually arrive somewhere. Corruption is relative as long as no one seems to mind it.

Program #60, Harmonica Solo, was billed as an "experiment in dramatic tensions", written by Arthur Zigouras, director of the Winnipeg, Canada, "Little Theater". It relates the tale of a green American G.I. who goes on his first combat patrol, and his reaction after he kills his first German Soldier.

The Actual Recording of A Dog's Life is CBS Radio Workshop's 61st production. The third of Tony Schwartz's candid tape recorder outings, this one traces the adoption of and subsequent bonding between a pound dog and its new master.

CBS Radio Workshop Program #62 presents The Noh Plays of Japan, an adaptation of a collection of 14th Century Japanese Plays known as the Noh Plays. Surprising for both their timeless translation into western interpretation as well as the sensitive interpretation by the performers, this program is one of CBS Radio Workshop's overlooked gems. William Conrad again shines as the narrator and expositor for the adaptation.

Carlotta's Serape is another play in verse. The Workshop's 63rd production, it stars Luis Van Rooten, Staats Cotsworth, Elspeth Eric, and Vera Allen. The Academy of American Poets and CBS partnered to offer a cash prize accompanied by the airing of the jury-chosen winner's work. Carlotta's Serape by Miss Rose Orente won the cash prize and the opportunity to hear her work aired over CBS Radio Workshop. A sweet, ethnic tale with a universal moral, the production was another unexpected treat in CBS Radio Workshop's lineup.

CBS Radio Workshop's Easter 1957 offering was Program #64, The Son of Man - A Passion Play. Underscored by Bach's B-Minor Mass, The Passion According to St. Matthew, Raymond Burr introduces and frames the production. From the introduction forward, only four voices are heard: Robert Young as Matthew, Herbert Marshall as Mark, Victor Jory as Luke and Vincent Price as John. Beautifully and sensitively mounted, this production is one of the most poignant and stirring Easter-themed productions from The Golden Age of Radio.

Light Ship, by Archie Binns was Program #65's dramatic treatment of the experiences of a Light Ship crew as they endure the boredom, potential dangers, and difficult social interactions between men confined for months at a time to a predominantly immobile sea platform. Having lost a man overboard, the stress levels are already high as the crew faces yet more life-threatening consequences.

Elliott Lewis takes a turn at writing, directing and performing in his Nightmare, CBS Workshop's 66th production. An interesting, stream of unconsciousness dramatization of a man bedeviled by his nightmares, he continually wavers between his dreams and his fitful awakenings . . . but which is which?

Program #67 presents The Long Way Home, by Henry Fritch, which paints a grim, disjointed, post-Apocalyptic picture of life in various parts of the world as the survivors attempt to cope with a decentralized goverment, poor communications and limited resources.

Heaven Is In the Sky, CBS Radio Workshop's 68th production, is a documentary exploring the horrific crash of a DC-7B and a Scorpion Jet over Pacoima, California on January 31, 1957. The debris from the crash landed in a schoolyard. The documentary traces the origins of the crash, and its aftermath.

Program #69 is I Have Three Heads, the unlikely, but fascinating story from a critical new piece of hardware's point of view--a tape-recorder. If you hadn't already noticed by this point in the CBS Radio Workshop run, the production was absolutely in love with the tape recorder. Program #69 is at this point the seventh program to deal with a tape recorder in some fashion. This one is the scene stealer of the series. As it turns out, CBS was not only in love with the tape recorder from an engineering standpoint, but from a utility standpoint as well. CBS syndicated this production to its vaunted "217 affiliated stations" via Ampex tape reels. The three heads referred to in the title are the write, erase and playback heads employed by state of the art reel-to-reel tape recorders of the era. As much a tutorial on tape recorder technology as a entertaining experiment in playing with the timbre, pitch and speed of one of Radio's most famous--and otherwise immediately recognizable--voices, that of Jackson Beck, this is one of the series' reel keepers.

Program #71's The Seven Hills: A Personality Sketch of The Eternal City of Rome, traces an intimate history of one of the World's great cities and its inhabitants, the Romans. Beautifully and lovingly underscored by Alfredo Antonini (naturally), the program traces back and forth over ancient Rome's history, it's culture, contributions to modern civilization, and the very unique characteristics of its people.

Housing Problem, CBS Radio Workshop's 72nd program tells how a birdcage and its occupants change a young couple's luck. It's a fascinating story about a bird cage with a little house inside it, and some wee folk in residence inside the house. The inquisitive landlord couple give in to temptation and uncover the remainder of the story's fascinating plot. Shirley Mitchell, Shepard Menken, and Daws Butler provide an entertaining addition to the run.

Program #73, Meditations on Ecclesiastes, is narrated by Edward R. Murrow. Adapted from Norman Dello Joio's Pulitzer Prize winning 1956 composition for strings, and conducted by Alfredo Antonini, Meditations on Ecclesiastes is a beautifully evocative underscore to Edward R. Murrow's deconstruction of the word 'fallout' and its ambiguous meanings in modern culture. Murrow further draws a comparison between a 'past preacher' and Pulitzer Prize winning composer Norman Dello Joio, assisted by Senator John F. Kennedy and noted theologians of the era. Hands down, the most beautiful original composition of the entire CBS Radio Workshop run, it's one of the series finest, most memorable productions. Framed and punctuated by Dello Joio's brilliant score, the production both lifts the spirit and elevates an awareness of the harsh realities underlying the real priorities of the Cold War era. Joined by fellow Pulitzer Prize winner for 1957--Senator John F. Kennedy--Senator Kennedy delivers a succinct and inspirational footnote to the production.

The Battle of Gettysburg is recreated in CBS Radio Workshop's 74th production. Starring Raymond Burr and Daws Butler, the program stirringly traces the historic battle from prologue to epilogue.

James Grover Thurber's wonderful You Could Look It Up is Program #75 of the series. Baseball, 'America's Game', is lovingly dramatized with a fascinating twist. Del Sharbutt, Ralph Bell, Sarah Fussell, Joseph Julian, Larry Haines, and Harold Huber provide the underpinnings of this wonderfully entertaining send up to the American male's obsession with Baseball. Thurber at his best, this adaptation also found its way into The Favorite Sports Stories of Grantland Rice in 1944, The Hallmark Playhouse in 1949, and Yarns for Yanks in 1957. CBS Radio Workshop's interpretation is the finest of the four. Few 20th Century authors or cartoonists could capture the pulse of mid-Century culture and values as James Thurber could. CBS Radio Workshop once again showcases a wonderful vignette by one of America's Masters.

The Silent Witness stars Raymond Burr in a brilliant tour-de-force as Henry Kerrigan, a District Attorney who 'addresses' every witness and every detail of a trial, while remaining the only voice in the entire production. Written by John Train, the script cleverly leverages Raymond Burr's extraordinary range with a script that brilliantly allows the protagonist to frame the entire arc of a trial without another voice uttered. CBS Radio Workshop's 76th production, this is one of its best.

Program #77 was an adaptation of one of Robert Heinlien's masterworks, The Green Hills of Earth. It is the story of Rhysling--"no first name, no middle initial", a blind space-going troubadour, once labelled as the 'literary giant of the Space-ways.' An engineer, he loses his sight to an accident that exposed his eyes to intense radiation. The aged Rhysling realizes that his death of old age is not far off, so he hitchhikes on a ship headed back to Earth so he can die--and be buried--in the green hills of Earth. Everett Sloane appears as Rhysling. Berry Kroeger, Dan Ocko, Ian Martin, and Jackson Beck support the production. Jackson Beck is particularly effective throughout the production.

In what should be a self-evident dictum, Program #78 is titled, Never Bet the Devil Your Head, an adaptation of Edgar Allan Poe's satire written to demonstrate to fans and critics alike that he wasn't simply a "dour misogynist" writing only about scheming evil women, blood, fear and inevitable doom. Thus framed, tongue well in cheek, Poe spins a tale of an archetypal degenerate gambler--from birth to ? (we don't want to give anything away now, do we)--named Toby Dammit, who would literally bet on the time of day--but never with money. John Dehner appears as Edgar Allan Poe. Toby Dammit is fond of saying "I'll bet the Devil my head, if . . . etc., etc." But perhaps he utters that oath one time too many. Listen yourself if you want to know how it turns out. This is one of Poe's most amusing stories, well punctuated by John Dehner's entertaining performance.

Program #79, The Heart of the Man, is another of CBS Radio Workshop's brilliant docudramas. The twist here is that the drama is written and exposited from the perspective of the heart itself. Written by Richard Durham, the program is a vivid reminder of the role the heart plays throughout human life.

In a far lighter vein, CBS Radio Workshop's 80th production is Malihini Magic, a satirical week-long vacation tale woven by Ben Wright, Jack Kruschen, Joe DeSantis, Lillian Buyeff, Lurene Tuttle, and Virginia Gregg. Lurene Tuttle in particular shines in the production. The vacationing couple encounter a 'Hawaiian paradise' that's become overtaken by western culture. The disillusioned vacationers find virtually every one of their expectations about their paradise dashed with each new exploration. Keep in mind that Hawaii was still only a Territory when CBS Radio Workshop aired. Not Hawaii's finest P.R. moment, but one of the series' underrated gems.

Legendary English author E.M. Forster originally published CBS Workshop's 81st program, The Celestial Omnibus, in 1947. The story of a boy's ride on 'the stagecoach to Heaven', the program features Peter Lazer, Lee Vines, Luis Van Rooten, Diedre Owen, Mercer McCloud, Bill Woodson, Carol Teitel, and Greg Morton. Dee Engelbach's evocative direction beautifully frames the production. Written in a Peter Pan frame, suspension of disbelief lies at the core of the story. E.M. Forster's seductive tale makes it far easier to join young Jamie in his own charming odyssey of suspended disbelief.

Program #82 was Richard Durham's sensitive Sweet Cherries in Charleston, starring Roy Glenn. The story of how freedom spread like a 'disease' through a slave community of South Carolina is framed through Denmark Vesey [Telemaque], an African slave brought to the U.S., who later purchased his freedom, only to foment one of several unsuccessful slave rebellions in South Carolina. Edward Marr, Harry Bartell, Parley Baer, Paul Frees, Staats Cotsworth, and Ted de Corsia support Glenn in the production.

Grief Drives a Black Sedan, CBS Radio Workshop's 83rd production amounts to a poignant, effective, dramatized public service announcement on the importance of safe driving. The story opens on an apparent hit and run accident. Governor Averell Harriman of New York apparently thought enough of the production to request time at the close of the program to make his own plea for safe, proactive driving habits. The Post-World War II years saw some of history's highest driving-related fatalities. In that respect alone, the broadcast provided an entertaining, yet instructive, cautionary tale of an American culture that had begun to take the privilege of driving for granted.

Program #84 was People Are No Good, by Joyce and Ferde Grofé Jr.. A cautionary tale of how, for a certain kind of person, life on Manhattan Island can be a highly claustrophobic, embittering existence. A classic retelling of the oft-repeated warning, "be careful what you wish for . . . " John Dehner narrates and exposits the tale. A Twilight Zone type of tale for Radio.

Time Found Again by Mildred Cram, is the story of a search for love that transcends the time barrier. CBS Radio Workshop's penultimate production, Program #85 frames a romantic tale of a man who finds, then loses the love he's aspired to his entire life, but a love he thought he could find only through the veil of the past. Jan Miner, Dwight Weist, and Ted Osborne provide the supporting cast. Jan Miner in particular shines in one of her finest Radio performances.

CBS Radio Workshop wraps up its production run with Program #86, a Sinclair Lewis gem adapted for Radio as Young Man Axelbrod: An Old Man At Yale. Produced, directed, narrated and performed by Yale alumni, the production is dedicated to Yale's Class of '61. Knute Axelbrod is a 65-year old, retired Minnesota farmer. He's a Norwegian immigrant whose life ambition was to acquire a formal education. Karl Swenson portrays 'young man' Axelbrod very effectively. Axelbrod walks into the Dean's office of Yale to discuss undertaking his college education at Yale. In response to the Dean's obvious question as to Knute's intent to begin his college education at Yale, Axelbrod replies with the oft-repeated saying, "Youth is often wasted on the young." A touching and sensitive portrayal of a man who's devoted his entire life to preparing others for life, at the expense of his own aspirations.

Series Derivatives:

Columbia Workshop; Columbia Presents Corwin; 26 By Corwin; CBS Documentary Unit Specials; AFRTS Playhouse 25; AFRTS Mystery Theatre; AFRS CBS Radio Workshop
Genre: Anthology of Golden Age Radio Experimental Dramas
Network(s): CBS and its 217 affiliated stations, The AFRTS
Audition Date(s) and Title(s): Unknown
Premiere Date(s) and Title(s): 56-01-27 01 Brave New World Part One
Run Dates(s)/ Time(s): 56-01-27 to 57-09-22; CBS; Eighty-five, 30-Minute programs; Fridays, 8:30 p.m.
Syndication: AFRTS
Sponsors: Sustaining
Director(s): Jack Johnstone, Dee Engelbach, Anthony Ellis, William N. Robson, Elliott Lewis, Paul Franklin, Stanley Niss, Harvey Marlowe [Directors]
William Froug [Adapter/Producer/Director]
Paul Roberts, Ira Ashley, Anthony Ellis, William N. Robson, Sam Pierce, Harvey Marlowe [Producers]
Sam Pierce [Transcriber]
Principal Actors: William Conrad, Joseph Kearns, Billy Idelson, Herb Butterfield, Parley Baer, Lurene Tuttle, Doris Singleton, Vic Perrin, Gloria Henry, Charlotte Lawrence, Sam Edwards, Jack Kruschen, Byron Kane, Virginia Gregg, Vivi Janis, Lawrence Dobkin, Paula Winslowe, Roy Glenn, Stacy Harris, Billy Chapin, Dawn Bender, Marion Richman, Dick Beals, John Dehner, Peggy Webber, Frank Baxter, Hans Conried, Raymond Hill, Ben Wright, Russell Thorson, Raymond Burr, Lillian Buyeff, Lucille Meredith, Don Diamond, Bob Ballin, Forrest Lewis, Sam Edwards, Bert Holland, John Sylvester, Larry Haines, Elspeth Eric, Ken Lynch, Jimmy Dodd, George Ellis, Vincent Price, Harry Bartell, Jeanette Nolan, Louise Arthur, Jeanne Bates, Peter Leeds, Helen Kleeb, Janet Stewart, Martin Weldon, Margaret Whiting, Margaret Young, Lou Houston, Howard McNear, Eve McVeagh, Helen Hayes, Mary Jane Croft, Fred MacKaye, Robert Chadwick, Luis Van Rooten, Mason Adams, Jackson Beck, Ian Martin, Walter Kinsella, Adelaide Bishop, Alan Hewitt, Dan Ocko, Ed Prentiss, Guy Repp, Jack Manning, John Gibson, Robert Dryden, Roger De Koven, David Schoenbrun, Kenny Delmar, Audrey Christie, Barry Kroeger, Ed Latimer, Sara Churchill, William N. Robson, Helene Burke, Edwin Bruce, Frank Gerstle, Court Falkenberg, Ted Bliss, Alan Reed, Catherine Anderson, Sarah Fussell, Lawson Zerbe, Frank Baxter, Spepard Menken, Sammie Hill, Joseph Julian, Elaine Rost, Stan Freberg, June Foray, Daws Butler, Sam Pierce, Bill Thompson, Ted Bliss, Tracy Roberts, Richard Hale, Edward Marr, Hector Chevigny, Jan Miner, Larry Haines, Joe Forte, Jay Novello, Joe DeSantis, Leon Janney, William Redfield, Ralph Bell, Amanda Randolph, Sophie Tucker, Barney Phillips, James Nusser, Lou Krugman, Burna Raeburn, Staats Cotsworth, Virginia Kaye, Robert Readick, Richard Crenna, The Melo-Men, Jack Moyles, Joan Banks, Frank Goss, Shirley Mitchell, Ellen Morgan, Norma Jean Nilsson, Anne Whitfield, John Dehner, Betty Noyes, Ruby Dee, Leo Diamond, Tony Schwartz, Barry Flynn, Torin Thatcher, Henry Blair, David Frankham, Yoshko Nea, Herbert Marshall, Robert Young, VIctor Jory, Santos Ortega, Elliott Lewis, Barney Phillips, Edgar Barrier, William Redfield, William Quinn, Virginia Christine, John Kennedy, Del Sharbutt, Leone LeDoux, Eleanor Audley, Peter Lazer, Lee Vines, Paul Frees, Roy Glenn, Alice Frost, Jay Johnson, Dwight Weist, Ted Osborne

Recurring Character(s): Varied from production to production.
Protagonist(s): Varied from production to production.
Author(s): Stephen Vincent Benet, Aldous Huxley, Ray Bradbury, Maxwell Anderson, Goddard Lieberson, August Strindbert, Christopher Isherwood, John Cheever, Ben Wright, Edmund G. Love, Mark Twain, Ken McManus, Rose Orente, James Thurber, Edgar Allan Poe, Robert Heinlein, Sinclair Lewis, Robert Nathan, Antoine de Saint-Exupery, William Conrad, Honore de Balzac, C.M. Kornbluth, Frederick Pohl, Edgar Lee Masters
Writer(s) Leonard St Clair, Paul Franklin, William Woodson, Lou Houston, Larry Thor, Stan Freberg, Robert Nathan, Harvey Marlowe, Stanley Niss, Charles Monroe, Fran Van Hartesfeldt, Archibald MacLeish [Writers]
Mort Goldberg [Editor]
Alan Botzer, Charles Smith, Anthony Ellis, Roger Hart, Hart Taussig, Fran Van Hartesfeldt [Adapters]
Music Direction: Bernard Herrmann, Amerigo Moreno, Frederick Steiner, Tak Shindo, Lawrence Rosenthal [Composer/Conductors]
Alfredo Antonini - Conductor
René Garriguenc, Hugo Weisgall, Avery Klaffland, George R. Mills [Composers]
Wilbur Hatch [Conductor]
Jerry Goldsmith, Ray Noble, Lyn Murray, Paul Baron and His Orchestra, Leith Stevens, Henry Silvern, Dick Hyman [Music]
Tony Schwartz [Producer/Recordist]
Jules Menklen [Recording/Research]
Norma Zimmer [Vocals]
Manny Klein [Trumpet]
Bill James, Clark Casey, Robert Chadwick, Bill James [Special Effects]
Bill James, Tom Hanley [Sound Patterns]
Gus Bayz [Sound Effects]
Musical Theme(s): Unknown
Announcer(s): Jackson Beck, Hugh Douglas, Roger Foster, Bob Hite, Dick Noel, Dick Beals, Warren Sweeney, William Conrad, Frank Goss, Stuart Metz, Art Hannes [Announcers]
Clifton Fadiman, John McIntire, Eric Sevareid, H. L. Mencken, Joseph Julian, Louis Kronenberger, William Caneely, William Conrad, Luis Van Rooten, Ralph Camargo, Edward R. Murrow, Raymond Burr, Stanley Niss, Alexander Scourby [Narrators]
Estimated Scripts or
Episodes in Circulation: 86
Total Episodes in Collection: 86
Notes on Provenances:

Digital Deli Too RadioLogIc


CBS Radio Workshop is one of The Golden Age of Radio's most inaccurately documented programs. The apparent source of most of the misinformation regarding this historic production stems from virtually every "otr-oriented" site on the internet. Many of these inaccuracies have now been translated into several inaccurate books.

This misinformation then translates into thousands of wasted man hours by other researchers who've relied on plagiarized sources as the basis for their own research or confirmation efforts. We know this first-hand because we're two of the thousands of naive researchers who were led to believe we were using authoritative sources as the basis for our own extended research into CBS Radio Workshop.

The other cause of much of the misinformation in circulation regarding CBS Radio Workshop comes from previous loggers' failures to alert their subscribers to the fact that CBS Radio Workshop not only aired on the days they cited, but on the days both immediately before and after the dates they cited for each broadcast--throughout the country. The other morsel of information they might have imparted to their subscribers is the fact that this was a CBS-syndicated, transcribed broadcast. As such, the individual programs weren't aired in the same order throughout the country.

Much of the misinformation regarding CBS Radio Workshop, owes itself to the decidedly East Coast orientation of most loggers or their logs results--and a false impression as to both the order in which these productions aired and the reasons why they may have been preempted in one geographical area, but not in another. Since most of these broadcasts actually aired on one of three sequential days each week in various parts of the country, any suggestion of a hard and fast preemption may be quite accurate for one region of the country--or one day of the week--that it aired, but not for another.

We don't wish to be viewed as some sort of crusader in publishing these conclusions, or a dog in the manger either for that matter. But we can't overstate the fact that we wasted at least 100 hours of our initial verification efforts relying on programs logs we paid money to others to obtain--only to discover that we'd purchased plagiarized 'research'. We make a point of it, if only to save other serious Golden Age Radio archivists from wasting their own time and precious resources on yet more plagiarized misinformation.

Here's a simple exercise anyone can undertake to replicate the 'otr misinformation' problem first-hand. Do a Google search on any of the following quoted terms common to CBS Radio Workshop misinformation alone:

  • "Le Grande Greteche"
  • "Tok Shindo"
  • "Avery Klaffland"
  • "The Billion Dollar Failure Of Figure Fallop"
  • "Report On The We-ans"
  • "Report On The We-uns"
  • "William Zekendorf"
  • "Oedipus Rex" "CBS Radio Workshop"
  • "The Ex-Urbanites"
  • "Disaster! Fire At Malibu"
  • "Freddie Gorffe"
  • "Colloquy #3 - A Study of Satire"
  • "Sounds of the Nation"
  • "The Day the Roof Fell In"
  • "Edward Delopjoro"
  • "Mildred Kramm"

A search of any of the above terms will result in either exclusively otr sites or predominantly otr sites, for understandable reasons--they're all uniquely otr misinformation. OTRCat, for example cites only eighty-four episodes in the entire run of CBS Radio Workshop. It's bad enough that the odd logger might mistype or mistranscribe the odd entry in his or her log. But given the sad state of 'otr research' of late, and a growing amount of plagiarism, these typos and logging errors immediately translate themselves into cultural fixtures unique to OTR alone, forever proliferating misinformation. A great deal of these misspellings and misinformation are so pandemic throughout OTR on the Internet that employing correct spellings in searching Google often result in a prompt by Google's search engine asking if one doesn't want to search the incorrect spelling instead. This is simply unacceptable.

Compounding the problem, as other independent researchers attempt to create their own logs--researching newspaper morgues and scripts for authoritative provenances--they're hampered in numerous search efforts by the widely disseminated misinformation rampant throughout the existing base of logs. Soon resigning themselves to simply reject out of hand any otr reference logs they're attempting to leverage, they're forced to begin each research effort with a clean piece of paper. Not a bad principle in itself, but sadly wasteful in resources and valuable human research time.

What you see here, is what you get. Complete transparency. We have no 'credentials' whatsoever--in any way, shape, or form--in the 'otr community'--none. But here's how we did it--for better or worse. Here's how you can build on it yourselves--hopefully for the better. Here's the breadcrumbs--just follow the trail a bit further if you wish. No hobbled downloads. No misdirection. No posturing about our 'credentials.' No misrepresentations. No strings attached. We point you in the right direction and you're free to expand on it, extend it, use it however it best advances your efforts.

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CBS Radio Workshop Program Log

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
Brave New World Part 1
Premiere Episode

CBS Radio Workshop p.m The program will spotlight offbeat ideas if continuing where The Columbia Workshop left off in 1947 Brave New World published in 1931 is a portrait of a world some 600 years in the future when life has become so effortless that it is virtually aimless .

The Independent 56-01-27
   Bill Bird Reports:
   THERE'S EVEN a little action on the radio front, for a change, this week end, with CBS launching a couple of promising weekly productions.
   One is the CBS Radio Workshop which, we suppose, just about every adult in the audience will recall as an experimental drama project that was launched in the mid-thirties and which was probably more responsible than any other single radio programming enterprise in developing radio drama into an art form of its own.  Some of the "Workshop" productons, notably "Sorry, Wrong Number," were even picked up and developed into box office successes by the motion picture industry.
   Opening the revived "Workshop" series on KNX-CBS at 7 tonight will be the first half of a two part radio version of Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World," in which the author himself will serve as narrator.
   Cast for the production, the second half of which will be presented next Friday night, includes Joseph Kearns, Bill Idleson, Gloria Henry, Charlote Lawrence, Byron Kane, Sam Edwards, Jack Kruschen, Bill Conrad, Vic Perrin and Lurene Tuttle.  Bernard Herrmann composed and will conduct the music.

Brave New World Part 2
Kingsport News 56-02-07
   HOLLYWOOD (AP) -- CBS Radio Workshop recently did Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World," a story of life 600 years from now.
'Season of Disbelief' and 'Hail and Farewell'
Daily Review 56-02-15
   CBS Radio Workshop ("a theater of the mind") last week presented a fascinating adaptation of "Storm," the novel by UC's Prof. George R. Stewart.  If you're surfeited with televiewing and want to put your imagination back to work occasionally, you couldn't do better than to tune in Workshop at 7 p.m., Fridays (KCBS).  This week's presentation is a psychological thriller, "Study of Two Ages," by Ray Bradbury.

Cedar Rapids Tribune 56-02-16
Tonight at 7:30, don't miss the new "CBS Radio Workshop" with two short stories by Ray Bradbury.
Colloquy No. 1- Interview with William Shakespeare
The Independent 56-02-24
Shakespeare Has His Way
Just how close the program will come to providing an answer to the long and enduring controvresy over the writings credited to the immortal bard, we can't say, but the CBS Radio Workshop production, "Dr. Frank C. Baxter Interviews William Shakespeare," at 7 tonight on KNX-CBS, is certain to provide considerable interest among the more scholarly of the nation's home audience.
Now the way it is given to us by producer-director Wiliam Froug, the "Workshop" is flying the Bard from his home in Stratford-on-Avon expecially for the program. We are also given to understand that the two men most violently antagonistic to Mr. Shakespeare--Sir Francis Bacon and Christopher Marlowe--have indicated that they, too, want to be heard. And Dr. Baxter, being open-minded about the matter, says he'll gladly discuss with them their side of the story. It should be most interesting, don't you think?
Just for the record, maybe we should tell you that Shakespeare will be portrayed by actor Ben Wright, Bacon by Ramsey Hill, and Marlowe by Hans Conreid. Credit for the script goes to William N. Robson.

Cedar Rapids Tribune 56-02-23
Tonight on WMT at 7:30 don't miss the "CBS Radio Workshop" with Dr. Frank Baxter interviweing Shakespeare.

Post-Standard 56-02-24
Dr. Frank C. Baxter will "interview William Shakespeare" on the CBS Radio Workshop at 9 p.m. today. Ben Wright, noted Hollywood radio and film actor, will portray the Bard while Hans Conreid will be Christopher Marlowe; Jay Novello, Sir Francis Bacon; and Ramsey Hill, the 17th Earl of Oxford. The latter three are associated with claims of that they wrote the material credited to Shakespeare.
The program will, of course, settle the traditional disputes in certain literary circles as to the authenticity of Shakespeare's writings. Mr. S. has been informed that Bacon and Marlowe will be present while Dr. Baxter has stated that he has an open mind on the subject.

The Voice of A City - The Voice of New York
Clifton Fadiman will narrate the "CBS Radio Workshop" production of "The Voice of the City" accentuating the sounds of New York at 7:15 p.m. on KNX.

TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Voice of a City, with sounds from Manhattan.
Report On E.S.P - A Study of Clairvoyance, Telepathy, and Extra Sensory Perception
And tonight at 7:30, you won't want to miss a minute of "CBS Radio Workshop" and "Report On the Unknown," a study of clairvoyance extra-sensory perception and mental telepathy.
Cops and Robbers
7:00 Radio Workshop: "Cops and Robbers" (KCBS)
The Legend of Jimmy Blue Eyes
7:00— Radio Workshop: Jimmie Dodd in "The Legend of Jimmy Blue Eyes" story of a "New Orleans jazz musician (KCBS).

The Exurbanites

7:30 by "CBS Radio Workshop" with a presentation of "The Exurbanites," a commentary and discussion on the middle-class migration from the city to the suburbs.
Speaking of Cinderella, If the Shoe Fits . . .
The fabled story of Cinderella will be compared with the modern version on 'Radio Workshop" tonight on KNX at 8:30 p.m.

The dramatization of another story, "The Enormous Radio," on the CBS Radio Workshop this Saturday, won't make him quite so happy "except for the check," since he believes that the short story is most effective on paper, as it is intended to be.
Jacob's Hands
(7:30 p. m.) Be tuned for "Jacob's Hand," an unusual drama adapted for CBS Radio Workshop from a play by Aldous Huxley and Christopher Isherwood.
A Living Portrait of A Man In Action - William Zeckendorf, Tycoon
William Zeckendorf, national real estate development operator, is shown in action on Thursday night's "CBS Radio Workshop" at 8:30 p.m.

(7:30 p. m.) What is the
working day of a big real estate
magnate like? Radio Workshop
presents a "Living Portrait" of William Zeckendorf.

TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). "Living Profile" of Realty Operator William Zeckendorf.
The Record Collectors
The Toledo War, or The Michigander's Bride
(7:30 p. m.) Be listening as the "CBS Radio Workshop," presents the "Toledo War," the story of border dispute in pre-revolutionary War days.

CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Toledo War, or The Michigander's Bride, an opera by David Broekman, libretto by Edward Eager.
The Enormous Radio
(7:30 p. m.) Tonight the "CBS Radio Workshop," presents "When He Shall Appear," program dedicated to man's imagination.

KNX— CBS Radio Workshop: "The Enormous Radio"
Lovers, Villains and Fools
KNX—CBS Radio Workshop: "Lovers, Villains and Fools." Helen Hayes Drama Group
The Little Prince
"The Little Prince" is to be dramatized 8:30 p.m. on CBS Radio Workshop, on WPAY.
A Matter of Logic: A Study in Semantics, or A Play On Words
An experimental drama explores the possibility that nobody and nothing are actually somebody and something in the lives of two men and a woman on the "CBS Radio Workshop" over KNX at 8:30 p. m.

KNX—CBS Radio Workshop: "A Matter of Logic"
Bring on the Angels
H.L. Mencken by Alan Sloane
The Stronger
TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Stronger, a one-act opera by Hugo Weisgall.
Another Point of View, or Hamlet Revisited
8:30—Radio Workshop: John 'Mclntire, Ben Wright and Bill Conrad in "Another Point at View, or Hamlet Revisited" (KCBS).

TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). Hamlet Revisited.
The Eternal Joan
(7:30 p.m.) —Tonight "CBS
Radio Workdshop " there is a
unique treatment of "The Eternal Joan" as seen through the eyes of the world's great writers.

"The Eternal Joan," a study in the contrasting ways in which writers over a period of two centuries have portrayed the Maid of Orleans will be presented on the CBS Radio Workshop at 8:30 p.m., WHEN radio.
   The study will comprise examples from plays and biographical writings about Joan by Jean Anouilh, Anatole France, Lillian Hellman, Friedrich von Schiller, George Bernard Shaw, Mark Twain, Voltaire, and others.  For the production, the trial records, which exist in English translation as well as in the original Latin and French, were studied carefully by Henry E. Fritsch who wrote the script.

Portrait of Paris
TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Eternal Joan, with excerpts from Anatole France, G. B. Shaw, Mark Twain, Voltaire.

8:30 p.m. KCBS — RADIO
WORKSHOP — "Portrait of Paris" presented
The Case of the White Kitten
KNX—CES Radio Workshop:
"The Case of the White Kitten"

TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Case of the White Kitten, with Kenny Delmar and Audrey Christie.
Portrait of London
KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"Portrait of London," Sarah Churchill

TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). Portrait of London, painted orally by Sarah Churchill.
Star Boy - The Blackfoot Indian Legend of the Two Morning Stars
Radio Play on Indian Legend
"Star Boy" of 'The Legend of the Two Morning Stars," a tale of the Blackfoot Indians, dramatized by Henry E.
Fritsch," is the CBS "Radio Workshop" presentation scheduled for tonight at 8:30 on KNX.
The story concerns an old Indian legend of a maiden who becomes the wife of the Morning Star and is transported to the heavens to live with the God of the Sun as the Goddess of the Moon.

8:30-9 C. B. S. Radio Workshop: "Star Boy," or "The Legend of the Two Morning Stars," a tale of the Blackfoot Indians. Recorded music of Blackfoot tribe (WCBS).
Subways Are for Sleeping
7:30 p.m. — Radio Workshop
(WKOW): "Subways Are for Sleeping."
Only Johnny Knows - An Appraisal of the Three Ages of Child Raising
7:30 p. m.—Radio Workshop (WKOW): "Only Johnny Knows," study of childhood problems.
Colloquy No. 2 - A Dissertation on Love, or Boy Meets Girl
The Billion Dollar Failure of Figger Fallup
"Figger Fallup's Billion Dollar Failure."
Colloquy No. 3 - An Analysis of Satire
8:30 p.m., KCBS—CBS RADIO
WORKSHOP: "Colloquy No 3- A Study of Satire " , starring Stan Freberg
The Hither and Thither of Danny Dither
7:30 p.m. — Radio Workshop
(WKOW): "The Hither and Thither
of Danny Dither," children's
play with music.
A Pride of Carrots, or Venus Well Served
TIME--CBS Radio Workshop (Fri. 8:30 p.m., CBS). The Hither and Thither of Danny Dither, a children's morality opera for grownups.

"A Pride of Carrots, or Venus Well Served." a fantasy telling of two space travelers from earth who visit Venus and find it is populated only by vegetables, mostly carrots and onions.
The Oedipus Story
by Henry Fritch
[Unknown] CBS Radio Workshop
. . . (7:30 p. m.) A discussion of an important figure in history of a documentary, you can be sure of thirty minutes of provocative entertainment on "CBS Radio Workshop."
Roughing It
present Louis Van Rooten In 'Roughing It," a story of Author Samuel Clemens and his experiences in the West as private secretary to his brother, at 6:30 on KNX
A Writer at Work
7:30 p. m. — Radio Workshop
(WKOW): "A Writer at Work."
The Legend of Annie Christmas

7:30 p. m. — Radio Workshop
(WKOW): "Legend of Annie Christmas."
When the Mountain Fell
7:30 p. m. — Radio Workshop
"When the Mountain Fell."
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
7:30 p. m. — Radio Workshop
(WKOW): "
1600 Pennsylvania Ave." story of the White House.
Colloquy No. 4 - The Joe Miller Joke Book
6:30--Radio Workshop: "The Joe Miller Joke Book" (KCBS).
Report On the Weans
Patty McCormack, the eleven year- old star of "The Bad Seed," broke up a CBS Radio Workshop rehearsal the other day with the announcement that she had to get home. She's catcher on her neighborhood baseball team . . .
Sounds of A Nation
Sounds Will Outline Story of A Nation
"Sounds of A Nation", giving highlights of the growth of the United States from the First Thanksgiving to the present, will be presented on CBS Radio Workshop today at 4:30 p.m. on Radio KFRE.
The King of Cats
'King of Cats'
A fantasy, "The King of Cats,' based on the story of a symphony orchestra conductor who has a tail which he uses as a baton when conducting, will be done on CBS radio "Workshop' this afternoon at 4:05 o'clock. Problems arise for the distinguished musician when a romance develops between him and a Siamese princess in New York City.
The story was adapted for radio by William H. Robson from short story by Stephen W. Benet. Mr. Robson, producer of CBS Radio "Workshop" in Hollywood,will also direct. Amerigo Marino will conduct the orchestra in a score he specially composed for the broadcast.
The Man In The Grey Flannel Overalls
KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"The King of The Cats"
I Was the Duke - A Portrait of A Juvenile Delinquent
Daily Review 56-12-08
6:30--Radio Workshop: "The Day the Roof Fell In," a psychological study of the do-it-yourself fad (KCBS).

6:30—Radio Workshop: "'The Day the Roof Fell In," a psychological study of the do - it - yourself Fad (KCBS). . .

Fresno Bee Republican 56-12-09
Do It Yourself
CBS Radio Workshop, to be heard this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock on Radio KFRE, will present The Day The Roof Fell In, a psychological examination of the do it yourself addict.
The Big Event
(The Law of Averages)

All Is Bright

Plans Fantasy
The Big Event, a fantasy about the day the law of averages ran out on Madison Avenue, will be heard on the CBS Radio Workshop this afternoon at 4 o'clock on Radio KFRE.
Preempted CBS 'Year of Crisis' Special

Year of Crisis
CBS Newsmen stationed all over the world will be flown to New York for participation in "Years of Crisis . . . 1956," the eighth annual year - end analysis of International affairs. The program, with Edward R. Murrow as chairman, will assess the year's political changes and evolve a balance sheet of international gains and losses.

Carl Sandburg, American Minstrel

[Carl Sandburg's 79th Birthday]
Daily Times-News 57-01-02
HOLLYWOOD (HTNS) -- We have just interviewed Miss Sophie Tucker and can report that the way to have a long and profitable career in show business is to love people. Miss Tucker, who will be 69 years old in January, recently celebrated her 53rd yer in show business is she is still going strong. She is doing two shows a night on a two-week stand at Ciro's and on Jan. 6 she will play a dramatic role in a CBS radio Workshop.

Idaho State Journal 57-01-06
by Dwight Zundel
Sophie Tucker has been lured into her first dramatic role on radio. She'll emote in the CBS Radio WOrksop drama "No Time For Heartaches," in between sessions as headliner at a Hollywood night club.

TIME--Radio Workshop (Sun. 4:05 p.m., CBS). Sophie Tucker in her dramatic debut.
No Time for Heartaches
Fire at Malibu
Bridgeport Post 57-01-15
The "CBS Radio Workshop" was judged tops as radio's "Dramatic Show of the Year"...
The Crazy Life
Fresno Bee Republican 57-01-27
Malibu Fire Will Be Dramatized
A cast of top flight Hollywood actors will take part in the CBS Radio Workshop presentation of Fire At Malibu over Radio KFRE this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock.
William Conrad will be the narrator. In the cast are Kort Falkenburg, Larry Thor, Norma Jean Nilsson, Jim Nusser, Barney Phillips, Joe de Santis, Lou Krugman and Sam Pierce.

Henry Morgan, one of TV's top comedians, returns to radio this Sunday to give an insight into the personal life of a comic. He stars as Henry Claflin in the "CBS Radio Workshop" production of "The Crazy Life " from 3:05 to 3:30 pm.
The story deals with the perfections and Morgan imperfections in the character of a man whose only talent is make others laugh
La grande Breteche
By Avery Claflin

Oakland Tribune , Sunday, Feb. 17, 1957
   Two operatic settings of Balzac's "La Grande Breteche" have just been given world premieres over the air.  The first, by Avery Claflin, was offered by the CBS' Radio Workshop; the second, by Stanley Hollingsworth, was televised by the NBC Opera Company, with Gloria Lane.  Hugh Thompson and Adelaide Bishop in the leading roled, Peter Herman Adler conducting.

1489 Words
The Highwayman by Alfred Noyes, The Thunder of Imperial Names by Thomas Wolfe, Sonnet 43 from the Portuguese by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and Silence by an unknown Japanese Poet.
Space Merchants Part 1
Space Merchants Part 2
Space Merchants" is a two-part "CBS Workshop" production starting
on KNX at 4:30 and, deals with the future traveling salesmen. . .
Ballad of the Iron Horse
Air Raid
by Archibald McLeish

(Prevarications of Mr Peeps)

Fresno Bee Republican 57-03-10
Iron Horse Ballad Will Be Dramatized
The Ballad Of The Iron Horse, in song and dramatization, will be the presentation of the CBS Radio Workshop today at 4:30 PM on Radio KFRE.
The program deals with an eight wheeled locomotive which began its career during the Civil War, lapsed into obscurity, was rediscovered and put to use in an amusement park.
The Endless Road
by Henry Fritch
Harmonica Solo
Fresno Bee Republican 57-03-24
Calypso Verse Will Tell Caribbean Tale
Calypso verse will be used in the narration of "Road To Nowhere" on the CBS Radio Workshop this afternoon at 4:30 o'clock over Radio KFRE.
The Caribbean story has a background of music by Charles Paul.

Salina Journal 57-03-24
"Harmonica Solo", a World War 2 drama, will be heard on CBS "Radio Workshop" this Sunday at 3:05 pm.
The play is billed as an "experiment in dramatic tensions" and was written by Arthur Zigouras, director of the Winnipeg, Canada, "Little Theater".
It tells of a green American GI who goes on his first combat patrol, and his reaction when he kills his first German Soldier.
The Actual Recording of A Dog's Life
The Noh Plays of Japan
Bridgeport Post 57-04-07
production of The Japanese Drama this afternoon at o'clock Fifteen Japanese courtisans educated in the traditions of the early Japanese from CBS radio Hollywood

6:30—Radio Workshop: "The
Japanese Drama" (KCBS).

KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"A Dog's Life"
Carlotta's Serape
KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"The Japanese Drama"
The Son of Man - A Passion Play
Independent 57-04-20
...the "CBS Radio Workshop" will star Robert Young as Matthew, Herbert Marshall as Mark, Victor Jory as Luke and Vincent Price as John in the story of the passion and Ressurrection of Christ.
Light Ship
by Draper Lewis

KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"Carlotta's Serape"
by Elliott Lewis

The Long Way Home
by Henry Fritch

KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"The Long Way Home,"
Heaven Is In the Sky
KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"Heaven Is In the Sky,"
I Have Three Heads
"I Have hree Heads," a dramatic description the function of the tape recorder In modern radio
Epitaphs - with the Words from Spoon River Anthology
6:30— Radio Workshop: "Portrait of an American Town," based on Edgar Lee Masters' ''Spoon River Anthology" (KCBS).
The Seven Hills - A Personality Sketch of The Eternal City of Rome
Bridgeport Post 57-06-09
CBS radio Workshop presents The Seven Hills of Rome, a personality sketch of the Eternal City and its indestructible this afternoon

Housing Problem
"Housing Problem" tells how a birdcage and its occupants change a young couple's luck during "Workshop" KNX at 4:30
Meditations on Ecclesiastes
by Norman Dello Joio
with Edward R. Morrow as narrator and Senator John F. Kennedy

KNX—CBS Radio Workshop:
"Meditations on Ecclesiastes," Edw. R. Murrow
The Battle of Gettysburg
Bridgeport Post 57-06-30 (paper wouldn't open this is thumb)
CBS radio Workshop this afternoon at o'clock in a drama based on the documentary book edited by Earl Schenck Miers and Richard A Brown The words the experiences and opinions of the men who took the field that fately July 1 1863 as compiled by Miers and Brown have set in a dramaturgic work by Leroy Bannerman a Southerner of the University of Alabama A special musical score has been composed and will be con- ducted by Leith Stevens will be guest soloist with the male chorus and orchestr
You Could Look It Up
KNX—News; CBS Radio Workshop: "You Can Look It Up" (Thurber)
The Silent Witness
by John Train, starring Raymond Burr

KNX—News; CBS Radio Workshop: "The Silent Witness," Raymond Burr
The Green Hills of Earth
Space Musical Will Get Radio Premiere
The Green Hills of Earth, declared to-be the first science fiction musical in any medium, will be presented on the CBS Radio Workshop tomorrow at 10:20 PM over Radio KFRE. The show tells the story of Rhysling - a glamorous space troubadour.
Never Bet the Devil Your Head
by Edgar Allen Poe

Accused of never writing a story with a moral, Edgar Allan Poe was determined to let his readers know the moral right off by placing it in the title of one of his short stories, "Never Bet the Devil Your Head," which has been adapted for today's "CBS Radio Workshop," hy Allen Botzer. The drama, airing at 5:05 this afternoon on KNX, is the story of a man who can't resist a desire to het on anything
and everything, without any money being involved, and lie ultimately bets the devil his head, with surprising circumstances.
The Heart of the Man
KNX — News: CBS Radio Workshop: "The Heart of the Man"

Heart of the Man dramatization of a successful heart operation WCBS
Malihini Magic
by Sam Pierce


KNX — News: CBS Radio Workshop: "Malihini Magic"
The Celestial Omnibus
Fresno Bee Republican 57-08-18
Suspense, Drama Fare
Radio KFRE's week night lineup of mystery and dramatic entertainment now presents CBS Radio Workshop on Monday;...

KNX — News: CBS Radio Workshop: "The Celestial Omnibus"
Sweet Cherries in Charleston
by Richard Durham

KNX — News: CBS Radio Workshop: "Sweet Cherries in Charleston," Roy Glenn

Aired before Suspense's 3rd airing of "Leiningen Versus the Ants"

Announce next production as "Death Drives A Black Sedan"
Grief Drives a Black Sedan
Independent-Press-Telegram 57-09-01
5:00 P.M. KNX--CBS Radio Workshop: "Grief Drives a Black Sedan"
Independent-Press-Telegram 57-01-01
Gov. Averell Harriman of New York takes his turn with a special appeal for us to drive safely. His talk is a part of "Grief Drives a Black Sedan" on the "CBS Radio Workshop" over KNX at 5:05.
People Are No Good
4:05-4:30Radio Workshop: "People Are No Good," by Ferde Grofé Jr. and Joyce Grofé. An embittered man finds that boredom is not the worst of trials(WCBS).

5:00 P.M. KNX--CBS Radio Workshop: "People Are No Good"
Time Found Again
A Fantasy by Mildred Cram

5:00 P.M. KNX--CBS Radio Workshop: "Time Found Again."
Young Man Axelbrod - An Old Man At Yale
[ Last Episode ]

by Sinclair Lewis

KNX—News; CRS Radio Workshop: "Young Man Axelbrod"

AFRTS IED-509 'CBS Radio Workshop'

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
A Writer at Work
The Legend of Annie Christmas
Colloquy No. 4 - The Joe Miller Joke Book
The Big Event
Air Raid
Epitaphs - with the Words from Spoon River Anthology
People Are No Good
Time Found Again

AFRTS R-Series 'Mystery Theatre'

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
Grief Drives a Black Sedan

AFRTS R-Series 'Playhouse 25'

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
Never Bet the Devil Your Head

CBS Radio Workshop Radio Program Biographies

Parley Edward Baer
Stage, Radio, Television and Film Actor, Director and Producer; Circus Entrepreneur

Birthplace: Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.

Education: B.A., University of Utah


1947 The Whistler
1947 Shorty Bell, Cub Reporter
1948 The First Nighter Program
1948 Escape
1948 Doorway To Life
1948 June Is My Girl (Audition)
1948 June's My Girl
1948 The Adventures Of Philip Marlowe
1948 NBC University Thetre
1948 Hallmark Playhouse
1949 The Children's Hour, But Not For Children
1949 The Railroad Hour
1949 Pat Novak, For Hire
1949 This Is Your FBI
1949 The Adventures Of Frank Race
1949 Family Theatre
1949 Prudential Family Hour Of Stars
1949 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar
1949 Screen Director's Playhouse
1949 Rocky Jordan
1949 Richard Diamond, Private Detective
1949 Suspense
1949 Broadway Is My Beat
1950 The Hour Of St Francis1950 The Story Of Dr Kildare
1950 Granby's Green Acres
1950 Night Beat
1950 Tales Of the Texas Rangers
1950 The Harold Peary Show
1950 Our Miss Brooks
1951 This Is Our Heritage
1951 Hollywood Star Playhouse
1951 Short Story
1951 Stars Over Hollywood
1951 The Line-Up
1951 Let George Do It
1951 The Roy Rogers Show
1951 Wild Bill Hickok
1952 The Silent Men
1952 Gunsmoke
1952 The Count Of Monte Cristo
1952 Romance
1952 The Pendleton Story
1953 Hallmark Hall Of Fame
1953 Bakers' Theatre Of Stars
1953 Lux Radio Theatre
1953 Rogers Of the Gazette
1953 The Six-Shooter
1953 Mr President
1953 On Stage
1953 The Freedom Story
1953 Fibber McGee and Molly
1953 Rocky Fortune
1953 Father Knows Best
1954 I Love A Mystery
1954 Inheritance
1954 Barrie Craig, Confidential Investigator
1956 CBS Radio Workshop
1956 Fort Laramie
1957 Heartbeat Theatre
1958 Frontier Gentleman
1959 Have Gun, Will Travel
1979 Sears Radio Theatre
My Little Margie

Parley Baer as Miles Dugan in The Young and the Restless, ca. 1977
Parley Baer as Miles Dugan in
The Young and the Restless, ca. 1977

University of Utah Seal

Theta Alpha Phi
Theta Alpha Phi
Honor Society Seal

Parley Baer in a fatherly role in the 1939 production of George and Margaret for Theta Alpha Phi
Parley Baer in a fatherly role in the 1939 production of George and Margaret for Theta Alpha Phi

Parley Baer kisses the horse after kissing the bride, ca. 1946
Parley Baer kisses the horse after kissing the bride, ca. 1946

Parley Baer as Chester Wesley Proudfoot from Radio's Gunsmoke, ca. 1953
Parley Baer as Chester Wesley Proudfoot from Radio's Gunsmoke, ca. 1953

Parley Baer in one of his rare non-Darby roles as the Captain of Waiters in Ozzie and Harriet from Nov 1956
Parley Baer in one of his rare non-Darby roles as the Captain of Waiters in Ozzie and Harriet from Nov 1956

Parley Baer as Mr. Darby from Ozzie and Harriet, March 1957
Parley Baer as Mr. Darby from Ozzie and Harriet, March 1957

Parley Baer as Herb Darby in the Tutti-Frutti episode of Ozzie and Harriet from December 1957
Parley Baer as Herb Darby in the Tutti-Frutti episode of Ozzie and Harriet from December 1957

Neighbor Darby strikes a hard bargain for one of the boys' Christmas Tree in the Dec 1957 Ozzie and Harriet episode The Christmas Tree Lot
Neighbor Darby strikes a hard bargain for one of the boys' Christmas Trees in the Dec 1957 Ozzie and Harriet episode The Christmas Tree Lot

Parley Baer with Marlon Brando in 1958's The Young Lions
Parley Baer with Marlon Brando in 1958's The Young Lions

Parley Baer as Dr. Kramer in Bewitched from 1966
Parley Baer as Dr. Kramer in Bewitched from 1966

Parley Baer as Mr. Corbett in Gomer Pyle USMC from 1966
Parley Baer as Mr. Corbett in Gomer Pyle USMC from 1966

Parley Baer as Reich's Doktor Pohlmann from Hogan's Heroes, 1967
Parley Baer as Reich's Doktor Pohlmann from Hogan's Heroes, 1967

Parley Baer was the voice of the Keebler Elf for 29 Years
Parley Baer was the voice of the Keebler Elf for 29 Years

Parley Baer as Mr. Williams in Little House On the Prairie from 1980
Parley Baer as Mr. Williams in Little House On the Prairie from 1980

Parley Baer as Chester T. Rainey from The Golden Girls, 1987
Parley Baer as Chester T. Rainey from The Golden Girls, 1987

Parley Baer as Mr. Hube in Life Goes On from 1989
Parley Baer as Mr. Hube in Life Goes On from 1989
Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, Parley Baer's first stage performance was in a high school play, the three-act comedy "Hands-Up" in 1932. A born leader and organizer, Baer was the Student Director of the cast. He continued to perform on Stage while attending the University of Utah in 1933, with the college's annual production for the school year, "The Youngest," a three-act comedy by Philip Barry. 1934 found him in the role of Ringmaster for the university's annual 'Big Top' production. This would prove to be an ironic harbinger of Baer's life to come. 1934 also found him performing in "The Trial of Mary Dugan," a whodunit farce by Bayard Veiler for the national Drama Society, Theta Alpha Phi. Young Baer rounded out the year with two stirring orations for the annual University of Utah Homecoming football rally in November. Finding himself most adept at comedy, Baer appeared in several more skits and three-act comedies over the next four years at the University of Utah--to ever more favorable notices in the local newspapers. Soon becoming a fixture at most dramatic events on the Salt Lake City cultural calendar, Parley Baer continued to perform both with the University and with Theta Alpha Phi until he graduated from the University of Utah in 1938.

He embarked on his Radio career at Salt Lake City radio station KSL in 1939, becoming a Director for some of their dramatic productions by 1940. Parley Baer had appeared on Radio as early as 1933 in several local drama productions. Baer's characteristically twangy voice leant itself to Western characters but he was equally versatile in employing his amazing voice, raw acting talent and natural gift for comedy to virtually any characterization. The 1940s found Baer very busy at KSL Radio as newsreader, actor, Director and occasional engineer. By 1942 Baer had performed 300 times over KSL as one of the two 'Bates Boys', a skit comedy series that aired locally.

Parley Baer joined the Army Air Forces during World War II with a commission as a Lieutenant. Baer completed his 3-year service as a Captain, having been awarded seven Battle Stars and a Presidential Unit Citation from his time in the Pacific Theatre of Operations. Baer returned to Radio station KSL as the Program Director for the station.

In April 1946, Parley Baer traveled to New York City where he met and married the famous former bareback equestrienne Ernestine Clarke. It was a wonderful human interest story for the day, as follows:

"Circus Star Jinxes Tradition To Marry Utah Veteran

Five generations of family and circus tradition broke Tuesday when Miss Ernestine Clark, star bareback rider with one of the world's largest circuses, married an "outsider." Parley Baer, son of Mr. and Mrs. C.E. Baer, 176 Cleveland ave., Salt Lake City.
Program director for KSL, Mr. Baer recently returned from three years' service with the armed forces.
A member of the famed Hanneford circus family, Miss Clarke entertained at a press "reception" by riding "Stranger," her favorite horse, in Madison Square garden where her troupe, Ringling Bros.-Barnum and Bailey circus, is appearing. An elephant presented a huge bridal bouquet to Miss Clarke as she sat her horse.
The marriage ceremony in the Little Church Around the Corner in New York City, where the bride's mother, Elizabeth Hanneford, featured rider in her day, and the bride's brother, "Poodles" Hanneford, riding clown, were married, was brief and simple. Rev. Dr. Randolph Day officiated.
Mr. Baer will remain in New York for a week before returning to his work in Salt Lake City. His new wife will join him here when her bookings end."

Parley Baer gave up his Program Director position at KSL to relocate to Southern California where he embarked on a more expansive career in network Radio. His first recurring performances were on The Whistler (1947) and The Count of Monte Cristo (1949), but he was appearing regularly in literally hundreds of other network broadcasts throughout the late 1940s.

The circus connection continued to serve him well during some of the leaner years of his acting career to meet the demands and responsibilities of a growing family. At various times, Baer served as Ringmaster for his own touring circus, performed at Thousand Oaks' Jungleland with seven tigers, and served as a docent with the Los Angeles Zoo.

While working steadily in Radio, the 1950s found him embarking on both Television and Film careers. All told, Mr. Baer eventually compiled an extraordinary sixty-year career encompassing more than 60 feature films, 1,600 Television appearances and 15,000 Radio appearances. Clearly one of the Entertainment World's busiest performers, his career was sadly either overlooked or taken for granted in the greater scheme of public notoriety. And yet this was perhaps his greatest, most everlasting tribute. A self-identified character actor, Parley Baer simply performed exceptionally in every role he ever undertook, going back as far as to his high school days. Indeed the finest character actors of Mr. Baer's caliber are the first to point with pride to their virtual invisibility in the public eye. This was, afterall, precisely what they set out to accomplish: to make their performances so believable, so authentic and so seamlessly performed that they were taken for granted.

With the extraordinary success that Parley Baer amassed over his career, the short, colloquial version of the above observation is that he was laughing all the way to the bank. It's the hallmark of history's greatest character actors to dismiss public acclaim in favor of being universally identified as Masters of their Craft by their peers and artistic collaborators. And Parley Baer was clearly a Master of his chosen Craft in every measurable way. Indeed though not quite the scene stealer as Lurene Tuttle, for example, Mr. Baer's most ardent fans can quickly point out the hundreds of memorable performances over the years where his archetypal 'fuss-budget' characterizations literally stole the show, be they over Radio, Television or in Film.

A perfect case in point was his memorable recurring role as Chester Wesley Proudfoot in Radio's legendary Gunsmoke series (1952-1961), in which Parley Baer appeared over 400 times alone, almost always drawing justifiable attention to his character and as often as not stealing a few scenes of each performance in the process. And yet, while Baer was often quoted as saying that the role of Chester was his most fulfilling of his Radio years, it's a hard observation to square with the literally thousands of other often equally memorable characterizations Baer gave life to over the years. A favorite actor of equally legendary director Norm MacDonnell, their collaboration over the years began with The Adventures of Philip Marlowe in 1949 and culminated with Baer's Television appearances in Norm MacDonnell's The Virginian in 1970.

But as legendary as Baer's appearances were over Radio, Baer found an even more popular following over Television. At one time or another during Baer's extraordinary Television career, Parley Baer appeared in virtually every popular program one might recite from Television's Golden Age. From his regular appearances as Herb Darby, the know-it-all neighbor of The Nelson's in TV's Ozzie and Harriet (1955 - 1965) to his equally memorable character Mayor Stoner on The Andy Griffith Show (1962-1963), Parley Baer's often sympathetic portrayals of very real, very lifelike, ordinary Main Street type characters endeared him to three generations of Television viewers.

Not to be overlooked in the least, is Parley Baer's equally noteworthy Film career. Beginning with an uncredited off screen appearance in The Kid from Texas (1950), Mr. Baer began appearing in a number of Westerns and Detective genre films as either crusty townspeople or hard-bitten detectives. Prematurely balding by the early 1950s and somewhat over-nourished, Baer's big screen appearances tended toward older characters. Baer's first substantial Film role was in Away All Boats (1956) as Doctor Gates. He played opposite Marlon Brando in The Young Lions (1958) as Sergeant Brandt.

By the late 1950s and early 1960s Parley Baer had acquired a reputation as a durable, memorable character actor in Film and his appearances in Film from that time forward were both more substantial and memorable. The FBI Story (1959) saw him performing opposite Jimmy Stewart and in 1962's Gypsy he portrayed his most interesting counter-type role as Mr. Kringelein, opposite Natalie Wood and Rosalind Russell. 1964's Bedtime Story found him working with Marlon Brando yet again as well as with David Niven. 1965's Those Calloways was the first of many Walt Disney Studio projects that Baer would appear in over the years, among them, The Ugly Dachshund (1966), Follow Me Boys (1966) and The Gnome-Mobile (1967), as well as eleven appearances in Walt Disney's various Television specials and series of the 1970s.

As a pop-culture icon, Parley Baer was also the voice behind the irrepressible Keebler Elf from the Keebler's Bakery commercials, a role he voiced for over twenty-nine years. During the later years of his career, Parley Baer co-founded and became actively involved in Pacific Pioneer Broadcasters with Radio, Film and Television veterans Ralph Edwards and Art Gilmore, among others. Pacific Pioneer Broadcasters was established as a networking organization open to Radio and Television Broadcasting professionals with at least 20 years of experience in Broadcasting or allied fields.

A mild stroke in 1997 effectively cut short Parley Baer's big and small screen careers, affecting his speech, memory and mobility. Baer's only significant public appearances from that point forward were at exploitation appearances for 'OTR' conventions and the like over the next three years. Clearly physically taxed during such appearances, Baer retired completely in 2000 after the passing of his wife of fifty-four years, Ernestine Clarke. Parley Baer died of natural causes two years later in 2002 at the age of 88.

One of the Entertainment World's sturdiest and most recognizable character actors for over sixty-three years, both locally throughout Utah and then nationally and internationally, Parley Baer remains one of America's great character actors of all time. Arguably even more popular today, with the appearance of thousands of his Television and Radio recordings, Parley Baer continues to gain even more fans as we enter the 21st Century. With what will have been his 100th anniversary approaching, there's no doubt that Parley Baer's performances will continue to delight and entertain tens of thousands more fans with each passing year.

The epitaph on his headstone eloquently describes both how he lived his own life and his continuing contribution to the lives of others:

"He lived his life with talent, humor and most of all, love"

Herb Butterfield
Stage, Radio, Television and Film Actor; Radio Director

Birthplace: Rhode Island, U.S.A.


1934 The Story of Mary Marlin
1938 Wayside Theatre
1939 Kitty Keene, Inc.
1942 Author's Playhouse
1944 Suspense
1944 Screen Director's Playhouse
1946 The Human Adventure
1946 Grand Marquee
1946 Lights Out
1946 Cavalcade Of America
1946 The Cat (Audition)
1946 Lux Radio Theatre
1946 Dark Venture
1947 Your Movietown Radio Theatre
1947 The City
1947 The Whistler
1947 Johnny Madero, Pier 23
1947 Mystery In the Air
1947 All-Str Western Theatre
1947 Ellery Queen
1948 Favorite Story
1948 The First Nighter Program
1948 Let George Do It
1948 The Adventures Of Ellery Queen
1948 Jeff Regan, Investigator
1949 Pat Novak, For Hire
1949 Family Theatre
1949 Escape
1949 This Is Your FBI
1949 Night Beat
1949 Richard Diamond, Private Detective
1949 The Adventures Of Philip Marlowe
1949 The Halls Of Ivy
1949 Young Love
1949 Four Star Playhouse
1949 The Adventures Of Frank Race
1949 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar
1949 The Railroad Hour
1949 Broadway Is My Beat
1949 Dragnet
1950 Dangerous Assignment
1950 The Story Of Dr Kildare
1950 Hallmark Playhosue
1950 The Line-Up
1950 Presenting Charles Boyer
1950 Tales Of the Texas Rangaers
1950 Mr President
1950 The New Adventures Of Nero Wolfe
1950 The Adventures Of Nero Wolfe
1951 The Amazing Nero Wolfe
1951 The Great Gildersleeve
1951 Romance
1951 The Man From Homicide
1951 Wild Bill Hickok
1951 The Roy ROgers Show
1951 The Silent Men
1952 Guest Star
1952 The Pendleton Story
1952 I Was A Communist For the FBI
1952 This Is O'Shea (Audition)
1952 On Stage
1952 Crime Classics
1953 Hallmark Hall Of Fame
1953 General Electric Theatre
1953 The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show
1953 Father Knows Best
1954 That's Rich
1954 Stars Over Hollywood
1954 The Freedom Story
1954 You Were There
1954 Life With Luigi
1954 My Little Margie
1956 CBS Radio Workshop
1957 Heartbeat Theatre
The Private Practice Of Dr Dana
This Fabulous World
Skippy Hollywood Theatre
Raleigh's Radio Rally
Herb Butterfield directed The Story of Mary Marlin over Chicago's WMAQ (1936)
Herb Butterfield directed The Story of Mary Marlin over Chicago's WMAQ (1936)

Herb Butterfield, ca. 1957
Herb Butterfield ca. 1957

Herb Butterfield in character as Preacher Jim (upper left) is showcased in a newspaper teaser for 1939's Kitty Keene, Inc. serial melodrama
Herb Butterfield in character as Preacher Jim (upper left) is showcased in a newspaper teaser for 1939's Kitty Keene, Inc. serial melodrama.
Born in 1895 in Rhode Island, Herbert Butterfield first entered Radio in 1926, appearing in several east coast serial melodramas and revues. His first credited roles came in the late 1930s with frequent appearances as a character actor in most of the more popular dramas of the era. Herb Butterfield also directed the Chicago NBC Key Station's productions of The Story of Mary Marlin (1934). Butterfield's early recurring role as Preacher Jim in the serial drama Kitty Keene, Inc. (1939) first established him as an attractive and reliable co-star.

Upon relocating to California, Butterfield soon proved himself one of the West Coast's finest, most reliable and durable performers, Herb Butterfield became a fixture in most of the early detective and suspense dramas of the Golden Age of Radio. A Mutual-Don Lee player for many years, Herb Butterfield was a regular performer in many of the network's earliest syndicated West Coast productions.

Indeed, Herb Butterfield's very recognizable voice was most associated with virtually every radio noir detective and crime drama aired over Radio. A favorite of Jack Webb, Herb Butterfield appeared in virtually every Jack Webb Radio and Television vehicle he ever produced, invariably playing either a crusty detective or a world-wisened, sympathetic tough. In Ellery Queen's eighth season, Herb Butterfield appeared as Inspector Queen.

A regular on Radio's popular Halls of Ivy, Butterfield portrayed Ivy College Chairman of the Board Clarence Wellman for twenty episodes with the series' stars Ronald Colman and Benita Hume. By then a frequent CBS player, Herb Butterfield appeared in seven of the CBS Radio Workshop (1956-1957) experimental radio broadcasts in a wide variety of roles.

During his career in Radio, Herb Butterfield appeared in over 4,000 episodes. He compiled another forty appearances on Television during a career cut short by his death in 1959 at the age of 64. His last appearance in Television was in the Colgate Theatre comedy production starring Claudette Colbert, September 28, 1958.

One of Radio's more ubiquitous performers, Herb Butterfield's distinctive voice lives on through the thousands of Radio episodes that have survived from the Golden Age or Radio. Consistently endearing, no matter what roles he appeared in, the characteristic fatherly tone of most of his performances hearken back to a time when American society was far more basic, forthright and genuine. Herb Butterfield fit that description to a tee.

William Conrad [William Cann]
Stage, Radio, Television and Film Actor, Director, Producer, Narrator

Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky


1944 The Whistler
1945 Destination Tomorrow
1946 Dark Venture
1946 Strange Wills
1946 I Deal In Crime
1946 Favorite Story
1946 Cavalcade Of America
1946 Meet Miss Sherlock
1947 Voyage Of the Scarlet Queen
1947 The Adventures Of Philip Marlowe
1947 Johnny Madero, Pier 23
1947 Mr President
1947 Escape
1947 Lux Radio Theatre
1947 Shorty Bell, Cub Reporter
1948 The New Adventures Of Michael Shayne
1948 Damon Runyon Theatre
1948 The First Nighter Program
1948 Ellery Queen
1948 The Adventures Of Sam Spade
1948 Let George Do It
1948 Jeff Regan, Investigator
1948 Hallmark Playhouse
1948 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar
1948 Prudential Family Hour Of Stars
1948 Command Performance
1948 Hawk Larabee
1949 Pat Novak For Hire
1949 Our Miss Brooks
1949 This Is Your FBI
1949 Hollywood Mystery Playhouse
1949 Rocky Jordan
1949 Screen Director's Playhouse
1949 Box Thirteen
1949 The Green Lama
1949 Dangerous Assignment
1949 Richard Diamond, Private Detective
1949 Four Star Playhouse
1949 The Adventures Of the Saint
1949 The Count Of Monte Cristo
1950 Dragnet
1950 The Halls Of Ivy
1950 The Adventures Of Frank Race
1950 Night Beat
1950 Rocky Jordan
1950 T-Man
1950 Philip Morris Playhouse
1950 The Adventures Of Sam Spade
1950 The Story Of Dr Kildare
1950 Romance
1950 Broadway Is My Beat
1950 Hollywood Star Playhouse
1951 Hedda Hopper's Hollywood
1951 The Man Called X
1951 Tales Of the Texas Rangers
1951 Pete Kelly's Blues
1951 Mr I.A. Moto
1951 The Silent Men
1951 The Railroad Hour
1952 Gunsmoke
1952 Stars Over Hollywood
1952 The Line-Up
1952 Jason and the Golden Fleece
1952 Tums Hollywood Theatre
1953 Bakers' Theatre Of Stars
1953 The Six-Shooter
1953 Crime Classics
1953 On Stage
1953 Hallmark Hall Of Fame
1953 Fibber McGee and Molly
1954 High Adventure
1955 The Adventures Of Captain Courage
1955 I Was A Communist For the FBI
1955 Mystery Theatre
1956 The Key
1956 CBS Radio Workshop
1958 Heartbeat Theatre
Bold Venture
The Clock
Secret Mission
The Roy Rogers Show
The Pendleton Story
The Adventures Of Maisie
At Ease

William Conrad, ca. 1943
William Conrad, ca. 1943

William Conrad in Killers (1947)
William Conrad in Killers (1947)

William Conrad as Matt Dillon, ca. 1953 (Courtesy of Harry Bartell)
William Conrad as Matt Dillon, ca. 1953 (Courtesy of Harry Bartell)
William Conrad, for ABC, ca. 1957
William Conrad, for ABC, ca. 1957

William Conrad and Jack Webb, in Webb's Film --30-- (1959)
William Conrad and Jack Webb, in Webb's Film, --30-- (1959)

Conrad in Cannon publcity still, ca 1971
Conrad in Cannon publicity still, ca 1971
Bill Conrad, ca. 1972
Bill Conrad, ca. 1972
William Conrad was born William Cann in Louisville, Kentucky. He started work in radio in the late 1930s in California. During World War II, Conrad served as a fighter pilot. He returned to the airwaves after the war, going on to accumulate over 7,000 roles in radio-by his own estimate. We can attest to at least 2,000--Conrad had been a fighter pilot, after all.

Conrad's deep, resonant voice led to a number of noteworthy roles in radio drama, most prominently his role as the original Marshal Matt Dillon on the Western program Gunsmoke (1952–1961). For the Gunsmoke purists, we'd remind them that the two actors that technically preceded Conrad in the role--Rye Billsbury and Howard Culver--auditioned as Mark Dillon, not Matt Dillon.

He was considered for the Television role of Matt Dillon when the series was brought to the small screen in 1955, but increasing obesity led to the casting of James Arness instead. As it turned out, relatively few of the other cast members were cast in the TV version.

Other radio programs to which Conrad contributed his talents included
The Whistler, Strange Wills, The Adventures of Philip Marlowe, Johnny Madero, Pier 23, The New Adventures of Michael Shayne, Ellery Queen, The Adventures of Sam Spade, Jeff Regan, Investigator, Let George Do It, Pat Novak for Hire, Escape!, Suspense and The Damon Runyon Theater. One particularly memorable radio role was his breathtaking performance in "Leinengen Vs. The Ants" first heard in the January 14, 1948 broadcast of Escape!, and in a later rendition in the August 25, 1957 Suspense broadcast of "Leinengen Vs. The Ants." Conrad, of course was also memorable as the 'voice' of Escape!.

Conrad's long association with Jack Webb produced some of radio noir's most memorable moments as well. Conrad was heard in every Jack Webb production he ever mounted, and the chemistry between the two of them is one of radio's greatest pairings. From Johnny Madero, Pier 23, to Dragnet--and beyond, the verbal interplay between Conrad and Webb always made for fascinating radio--and Film.

Conrad possessed an amazing gift for creating bone-chilling Radio characterizations of a seemingly endless array of toughs, gangsters, hard-boiled cops, corporate magnates, and hundreds of other commanding, self-assured, scoundrels and heroes alike. Those roles created a Radio following for him rarely equalled in Radio History. Equally commanding throughout his career were the hundreds of narrations he was hand-picked to performer because he never failed to raise the hairs on the back of the neck of anyone within hearing distance of one of his booming narrations. He was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 1997.

Among Conrad's various film roles, where he was usually cast as threatening figures, perhaps his most notable role was his first credited one, as one of the gunmen sent to eliminate
Burt Lancaster in the 1946 film The Killers. He also appeared in Body and Soul (1947), Sorry, Wrong Number and Joan of Arc (1948), and The Naked Jungle (1954). And again, his characterizations of tough guys, aided by his amazing deep baritone and chillingly authoritative presence made for some of Film Noir's most enduring depictions.

Conrad moved to television in the 1960s, first guest-starring in NBC's science fiction series The Man and the Challenge. Conrad guest-starred--and directed-episodes of ABC's crime drama Target: The Corruptors! (1962). Indeed, both Conrad and the legendary Sam Peckinpah directed episodes of NBC's Klondike (1960–1961). He returned to voice work, most notably as narrator of The Fugitive (1963–1967) and as the director of Brainstorm (1965).

Conrad is as fondly remembered for his voice work in Animation. He narrated the animated Rocky and Bullwinkle series from 1959–64 (as "Bill Conrad"), and later performed the role of Denethor in the animated Television version of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Return of the King (1980).

The 1970s brought him further small-screen success with leading roles in Cannon (1971-1976), Nero Wolfe (1981) and Jake and The Fat Man (1987-1990). Conrad was also the on-camera spokesman for First Alert fire prevention products for many years, as well as Hai Karate men's cologne.

Conrad's credits as a director include episodes of The Rifleman, Bat Masterson, Route 66, Have Gun, Will Travel, and 77 Sunset Strip, among others, and feature films such as Two on a Guillotine.

Conrad had one son, Christopher, with his first wife, Susie. When Susie died after thirty years of marriage, Conrad married Tippy Stringer Huntley, a graduate of the University of Maryland at College Park and widow of famed former NBC newscaster Chet Huntley.

Conrad died from congestive heart failure on February 11, 1994, in Los Angeles, California. He is interred at Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in the Lincoln Terrace.

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