Click to go to Digital Deli Too Home Page blank head
Preserving the Golden Age of Radio for A Digital Age
Explore Our Golden Age Radio Research Pages Click here to learn about our approach to Golden Age Radio Preservation [Under Development] Click to go to Our Radio Articles Page This Feature Is Currently Not Available
 
This will take you to our Numeric Radio logs
This will take you to our A Series Radio logs This will take you to our B Series Radio logs This will take you to our C Series Radio logs This will take you to our D Series Radio logs This will take you to our E Series Radio logs This will take you to our F Series Radio logs This will take you to our G Series Radio logs This will take you to our H Series Radio logs This will take you to our I Series Radio logs This will take you to our J Series Radio logs This will take you to our K Series Radio logs This will take you to our L Series Radio logs This will take you to our M Series Radio logs
This will take you to our N Series Radio logs This will take you to our O Series Radio logs This will take you to our P Series Radio logs This will take you to our Q Series Radio logs This will take you to our R Series Radio logs This will take you to our S Series Radio logs This will take you to our T Series Radio logs This will take you to our U Series Radio logs This will take you to our V Series Radio logs This will take you to our W Series Radio logs This will take you to our X Series Radio logs This will take you to our Y Series Radio logs This will take you to our Z Series Radio logs This will take you back to our Text List of Radio logs

Original Crime Classics header art

The Crime Classics Radio Program

Dee-Scription:





































Francisco Pizarro announement in Syracuse Herald, Wednesday, March 24, 1954
Francisco Pizarro announcement in Syracuse Herald, Wednesday, March 24, 1954

Background

To characterize Crime Classics as a 'docudrama' stretches the point to bursting. From the fictional 'expert' host to the program titles, it's clear that Elliott Lewis very much intended this project to be a tongue-in-cheek send up of some of history's most notorious and infamous crimes. Indeed, it's obvious that given the over-the-top violence depicted in each of the program's accounts, there was no better palatable way to portray them during the 'family values' sensibilities of the 1950s. Even more obvious are the often apocryphal and anecdotal details used to frame many of these notorious crimes. Though ostensibly "adapted from the original court reports and newspaper accounts," it's quite clear that they were scripted more for entertainment, than for a college classroom--but entertaining they definitely were, and remain.

This was a very busy time for Elliott Lewis. Lewis had launched his Cathy & Elliott Lewis On Stage program in January of 1953. Halfway through its run, Crime Classics and Cathy and Elliott Lewis On Stage were heard back-to-back in CBS's lineup for much of Crime Classics' run, in most markets. Indeed, for the Crime Classics program, The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, which aired December 9, 1953 outside of California, Lewis chose to re-enact the play, 'Our American Cousin' for the Cathy and Elliott Lewis On Stage program, immediately following. Though clearly a brilliant segue for On Stage that night, it's anecdotally reported that the combination met with disfavor from no less than William S. Paley himself. We find this doubtful since this was clearly brilliant programming, but the anecdote stands. Given Paley's somewhat infamous and quixotic reputation, one supposes it might be true --but. . . .

Elliott Lewis directed his future second wife, Mary Jane Croft in twelve of the Crime Classics programs, beginning with the audition and premiere script, The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner. Elliott Lewis would continue working with Mary Jane Croft in Cathy and Elliott Lewis On Stage and several other Radio and Television productions over the years. At the time Cathy and Elliott Lewis' marriage finally dissolved in 1958, they were referred to as CBS's "Mr. and Mrs. Radio." Elliott Lewis married Mary Jane Croft the following year.

The Crime Classics project, which auditioned almost a six months earlier, premiered with the same script as the audition, The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner. The selection very much set the tone for the series that followed. Starring Mary Jane Croft as the beguiling, manipulating--and appropriate to her namesake--Bathsheba Spooner, the story retells the 1778 account of the first woman to be tried, convicted and executed of murder in The United States--as opposed to British rule. Bathsheba feels trapped in an abusive marriage to Joshua Spooner, a notorious drunk who'd already fathered four children by her. But now pregnant with a fifth child--by 16-year old Ezra Ross--Bathsheba nonchalantly begins demanding that her 16-year old lover murder her husband before he discovers her infidelity.

This inaugural program served to predict the wonderfully 'tabloid' flavor of the fifty Crime Classics to follow. The villains are quite deliciously depicted, with appropriately over-the-top performances by their Radio protagonists. This was another novelty in Radio; the depiction of fully explored, historic--and often dreadful--crimes, but softened with just enough irony and dark humor to appeal to a wide, mainstream audience. The formula worked well, and Crime Classics remains as entertaining today as it was in 1953--because of that formula.

The entire run of Crime Classics is supported by some of the most famous Radio voice talents of The Golden Age of Radio. And as might be expected of a CBS Network-sustained production, the technical staff was top notch. From Elliott Lewis' direction to Morton Fine, David Friedkin, and Elliott Lewis' scripts, to the outstanding music compostions of legendary Bernard Herrmann, Crime Classics was an A-List production all the way. Wilbur Hatch conducted the supporting orchestra and Lou Merrill's very matter of fact, yet soft-spoken narration adds the perfect ironic, tongue-in-cheek touch these gruesome crimes required for portrayal in a prime-time timeslot.

The circulating series is now complete, except for Program #38, Francisco Pizarro; His Heart on a Golden Knife, and all fifty remaining presentations are as entertaining as the premiere. This program stands the test of time as well as any recording from the Golden Age of Radio can. This series remains one of our most highly recommended exemplars of the magic preserved from The Golden Age of Radio.

Series Derivatives:

AFRTS END-375, Crime Classics
Genre: Anthology of Golden Age Radio Crime Dramas [though documentary in style, they were not documentaries, at all]
Network(s): CBS
Audition Date(s) and Title(s): 52-12-03 Aud The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner
Premiere Date(s) and Title(s): 53-06-15 01 The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner
Run Dates(s)/ Time(s): 53-06-15 to 54-06-30; Fifty-one, 30-minutes programs; Mondays, 8:00 p.m.; 54-09-30 to 55-06-30, Wednesday, 9:30 p.m.
Syndication: AFRTS END-375, Crime Classics
Sponsors: Sustaining [CBS]; Plymouth Motors
Director(s): Elliott Lewis
Principal Actors: Mary Jane Croft, William Johnstone, Tudor Owen, Georgia Ellis, Herb Butterfield, Ben Wright, Sam Edwards, Harry Bartell, Paula Winslowe, Charles Calvert, Martha Wentworth, Steve Roberts, Paul Frees, Anthony Ellis, Terry Kilburn, Betty Harford, Irene Tedrow, Jay Novello, Lary Thor, Junius Matthews, Jean Howell, Clayton Post, Joseph Granby, Joseph Kearns, Charlotte Lawrence, Bill Bissell, David Young, Hy Averback, Russell Simpson, Sarah Selby, Eric Snowden, Alistair Duncan, Charles Davis, Florence Wolcott, Jean Wood, Joseph Granby, Ellen Morgan, Betty Harford, Richard Peel, Terry Kilburn, Raymond Lawrence, Edgar Barrier, Martha Wentworth, Sammie Hill, William Conrad, Lamont Johnson, Sam Edwards, Jeanette Nolan, Jane Webb, Dick Beals, Frederick Shields, Tony Barrett, Barney Phillips, Jack Kruchen, Bob Cole, Alma Lawton, Betty Lou Gerson, Jack Edwards, Roy Glenn, Norma Varden, Alec Harford, Walter Tetley, Gladys Holland, James Eagles, Bill Bissell, Byron Kane, Lillian Buyeff, Julie Bennett, Virginia Gregg, D.J. Thompson, Jerry Desmond, Marvin Miller, Lou Krugman, Curt Martell, Dix Davis, Gary Montgomery, John Dehner, Shepard Menken, Benny Rubin, Truda Marson, Lee Millar, Vic Perrin, Byron Kane, Jerry Hausner, Curt Martell, James McCallion.
Recurring Character(s): Thomas Hyland, fictional Host, Narrator, and Expositor, played by Lou Merrill
Protagonist(s): Varied from program to program
Author(s): None
Writer(s) Morton Fine, David Friedkin and Elliott Lewis
Music Direction: Bernard Herrmann (Composer, conductor); Wibur Hatch (Conductor) ; Charles Addison[composer for Roger Nems; How He, Though Dead, Won The Game]
Musical Theme(s): None
Announcer(s): Thomas Hyland [Host/Narrator], the fictional "connoisseur of crime, student of violence, and teller of murders", [portrayed by Lou Merrill]; Bob Lemond, Roy Rowan [Announcers]
Estimated Scripts or
Broadcasts:
52
Episodes in Circulation: 51
Total Episodes in Collection: 51 (includes 11 AFRTS recordings)
Provenances:

CBS-KNX Crime Classics Transcription label recorded by Radio Recorders of Hollywood
CBS-KNX Crime Classics Transcription label recorded by Radio Recorders of Hollywood.
RadioGOLDINdex, Hickerson Guide, 'The Directory of The Armed Forces Radio Service Series'.

Notes on Provenances:

All above cited provenances are in error in one form or another. The most helpful provenances were the log of the radioGOLDINdex and newspaper listings.

We invite you to compare our fully provenanced research with the '1,500 expert researchers' at the OTRR and their Crime Classics log. We've provided a screen shot of their current log for comparison, HERE to protect our own ongoing due diligence and intellectual property.

As opposed to the predictably inaccurate description in WikiPedia [read OTRR], the series was not a docudrama. Through the obvious tongue in cheek manner in which each program was framed by the fictional Thomas Hyland through its exaggerated depiction of the protagonists, this program was clearly a crime drama--perhaps even a crime-comedy drama.

The vast majority of the program titles need to be corrected from those circulated by the 'OTR' community, due primarily to the inaccurate commercial cassette catalogs from which they were derived.:

  • Both the audition and the premiere program names should be The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner rather than Crime of Bathsheba Spooner.
  • Program #2 should be titled, The Shockingly Peaceful Passing of Thomas Edwin Bartlett, Green Grocer, rather than The Shockingly Peaceful Passing of Thomas Edwin Bartlett.
  • Program #3 should be titled, The Checkered Life and Sudden Death of Colonel James Fisk, Jr., rather than The Checkered Life and Sudden Death of Colonel James Fisk.
  • Program #4 should be titled, The Shrapnelled Body of Charles Drew, Sr., rather than The Shrapnelled Body of Charles Drew, Senior.
  • Program #7 should be titled, The Final Day of General Ketchum; and How He Died, rather than The Final Day of General Ketchum.
  • Program #9 should be titled, The Axe and the Droot Family; How They Fared, rather than The Axe and the Droot Family.
  • Program #11 should be titled, The Alsop Family; How It Diminished and Grew Again, rather than The Alsop Family.
  • Program #13 should be titled, The Torment of Henrietta Robinson; and Why She Killed, rather than The Torment of Henrietta Robinson.
  • Program #15 should be titled, The Hangman and William Palmer; Who Won, rather than The Hangman and William Palmer.
  • Program #16 should be titled, The Seven-Layered Arsenic Cake of Madame LaFarge, rather than The Seven Layered Arsenic Cake of Madame Lafarge.
  • Program #17 should be titled, Billy Bonney, Bloodletter; Also Known As 'The Kid', not Billy Bonny Bloodletter. The whole point of the irony in the title is lost with the currently inaccurate circulating OTR title. The title refers to the notorious Henry McCarty, better known as Billy the Kid, but also known by the aliases Henry Antrim and William H. Bonney.
  • Program #18 should be titled, John Hayes; His Head. . . and How They Were Parted, rather than John Hayes.
  • Program #19 should be titled, Raschi Among the Crocodiles; and the Prank He Played, not Roschi Among the Crocodiles.
  • Program #20 should be titled, Blackbeard's Fourteenth Wife; Why She Was No Good For Him, not Blackbeard's 14th Wife.
  • Program #25 should be titled, John and Judith; Their Crime, and Why They Didn't Get To Enjoy It, rather than John and Judith.
  • Program #26 should be titled, Coyle and Richardson; Why They Hung In A Spanking Breeze, rather than Coyle and Richardson.
  • Program #27 should be titled, The Younger Brothers; Why Some Of Them Grew No Older, rather than The Younger Brothers. Again, the whole irony of the title is lost to the inaccurate OTR community.
  • Program #28 should be titled, How Supan Got the Hook Outside Bombay, not How Supan Got the Hook Outside Bombey. Also note the TV-Radio Life announcement naming Crime Classics as, "The finest radio crime series of 1953." Note TV-Radio Life's characterization of the program. One can ask for no better contemporaneous provenance.
  • Program #29 should be titled, Madeline Smith, Maid or Murderess . . . Which(?), rather than Madeline Smith, Maid or Murderess.
  • Program #30 should be titled, The Boorn Brothers and the Hangman; A Study In Nip and Tuck, not The Bourne Brothers and the Hangman, or The Born Brothers and the Hangman.
  • Program #33 should be titled, Jean Baptiste Troppmann; Killer of Many, rather than Jean Baptiste Troppmann.
  • Program #34 should be titled, The Good Ship Jane; Why She Became Flotsam, rather than The Good Ship Jane.
  • Program #35 should be titled, Roger Nems; How He, Though Dead, Won The Game, rather than Roger Nems.
  • Program #36 should be titled, New Hampshire, The Tiger and Brad Ferguson; What Happened Then[?], rather than New Hampshire, the Tiger and Brad Ferguson.
  • Program #37 should be titled, Old Six-Toes; How He Stopped Construction On The B. B. C. and I, rather than Old SixToes.
  • Program #39 should be titled, 'Robby-Boy' Balfour; How He Wrecked A Big Prison's Reputation, rather than Robby-Boy Balfour.
  • Program #41 should be titled, James Evans, Fireman; How He Extinguished A Human Torch, rather than James Evans, Fireman.
  • Program #43 should be titled, Widow Magee and the Three Gypsies; A Vermont Fandango, rather than Widow Magee and the Three Gypsies.
  • Program #44 should be titled, Bunny Baumler; His Close Brush With Fame, rather than Bunny Baumler.
  • Program #45 should be titled, Mr Clarke's Skeleton in Mr. Aram's Closet; The Noise It Made, rather than Mr Clarke's Skeleton in Mr. Aram's Closet.
  • Program #46 should be titled, The Lethal Habit of The Marquise De Brinvilliers, rather than The Lethal Habit of Marquise De Brinvilliers.
  • Program #47 should be titled, Mr Jonathon Jewett; How Most Peculiarly He Cheated The Hangman, rather than Mr Jonathon Jewett.

Contrary to the statements in other logs, Crime Classics was never--ever--denatured by the AFRS. The AFRS had ceased to exist by 1952. Every program rebroadcast by the government was under the auspices of the AFRTS in 1953 and 1954--not the AFRS. The traditionally cavalier approach to the dedicated preservation work of the AFRS and AFRTS over history is the primary reason so many commercial otr vendors go to such great lengths to disguise, adulterate, or misrepresent the fine AFRS and AFRTS recordings among their commercial offerings.

Let's make this perfectly clear. Consulting any commercial otr catalog for historical accuracy is a complete and utter waste of effort. Period. Not a single one of them has any stake whatsoever in historical accuracy or Radio history.

Depending on the source, between twenty percent and thirty-three percent of the circulating recordings are from the AFRTS canon of Crime Classics. This is one of only two vintage radio sites on the internet that will ever reveal the true AFRS or AFRTS sources of its holdings, when it can be determined.

What you see here, is what you get. Complete transparency. We have no 'credentials' whatsoever--in any way, shape, or form--in the 'otr community'--none. But here's how we did it--for better or worse. Here's how you can build on it yourselves--hopefully for the better. Here's the breadcrumbs--just follow the trail a bit further if you wish. No hobbled downloads. No misdirection. No posturing about our 'credentials.' No misrepresentations. No strings attached. We point you in the right direction and you're free to expand on it, extend it, use it however it best advances your efforts.

We ask one thing and one thing only--if you employ what we publish, attribute it, before we cite you on it.

We continue to provide honest research into these wonderful Golden Age Radio programs simply because we love to do it. If you feel that we've provided you with useful information or saved you some valuable time regarding this log--and you'd like to help us even further--you can help us keep going. Please consider a small donation here:

We don't pronounce our Golden Age Radio research as 'certified' anything. By the very definition, research is imperfect. We simply tell the truth. As is our continuing practice, we provide our fully provenanced research results--to the extent possible--right here on the page, for any of our peers to review--or refute--as the case may be. If you take issue with any of our findings, you're welcome to cite any better verifiable source(s) and we'll immediately review them and update our findings accordingly. As more verifiable provenances surface, we'll continue to update the following series log, as appropriate.

All rights reserved by their respective sources. Article and log copyright 2009 The Digital Deli Online--all rights reserved. Any failure to attribute the results of this copywritten work will be rigorously pursued.







Crime Classics Program Log

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
52-12-03
0
The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner
Y
[ Audition ]
53-06-15
1
The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner
Y
[ Premiere Episode; Replaces Suspense ]

53-06-03 Wisconsin State Journal
Elliott Lewis will produce and direct "Crime Classics"
starting June 15, replacing "Suspense" for the summer.

53-06-15 Portsmouth Times
Authentic stories of crime and criminals comes to WPAY airlines tonight at 8 when Crime Classics has its premier broadcast. "
The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner" will be the first featured drama starring Mary Croft and Herb Butterfield.

53-06-15 Racine Journal Times
Crime Classics, dramatizing true stories taken from the records and newspapers of every land, will make its debut on CBS radio tonight.
The program will be produced and directed by Elliott Lewis, who has worked with Suspense, and Broadway's My Beat. Opening drama will be a graphic account, of The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner, tho first woman tried for murder In the United
States. She killed her husband.

'
53-06-15 Racine Journal Times

Crime Classics
on KNX Tonight

"Crime Classics," a new series of true crime stones taken from the records and newspapers of the past, will make its debut at 9 p.m.
today on radio station KNX as a summer replacement for the "Suspense" series. Elliott Lewis, "Suspense" producer, will also produce and direct the new series.
Opening program of the series will be a graphic dramatic account of "The Crime of Bathsheba Spooner," the first woman to be tried for murder in the United States. Set in the year 1778, this is the story of a woman who wanted to kill her husband, and of the method she chose to accomplish the crime.

53-06-22
2
The Shockingly Peaceful Passing of Thomas Edwin Bartlett, Greengrocer
Y
53-06-22 Long Beach Independent
9:00 P.M. KNX--Crime Classics: "
The Shockingly Peceful Passing of Thomas Edwin Bartlett, Green-Grocer".

53-06-22 Portsmouth Times
"
The Shockingly Peaceful Passing of Thomas Edwin Bartlett, Greengrocer" is the show which will be presented on Crime Classic tonight at 8 on WPAY-CBS. The true story is action packed with the drama of a wife who in 1885 in accomplice with her lover, used mercury and chloroform to kill her husband.
53-06-29
3
The Checkered Life and Sudden Death of Colonel James Fisk, Jr., Esq.
Y
53-06-29 Portsmouth Times
Presentation for the Crime Classic Show tonight at 8 on WPAY is "
The Checkered Life and Sudden Death of Colonel James Fiske Jr., Esquire." It is the story of the murder of Colonel Fiske by his supposedly best friend in the hallway of New York's Grand Central Hotel in 1872.
53-07-06
4
The Shrapnelled Body of Charles Drew, Sr.
Y
53-07-06 Portsmouth Times
Crime Classics will dramatize "
The Sudden Death of Charles Drew Sr.," as instigated by Charles Drew Jr., tonight at 8 on WPAY-CBS. The incident took place in London in 1739.
53-07-13
5
The Terrible Deed of John White Webster and His Crime That Shocked the Nation
Y
53-07-13 Portsmouth Times
"
The Terrible Deed of Doctor Webster," an account of the murder and dissection of his colleague in 1849 by Dr. John W. Webster, a Boston surgeon, will be the true crime drama on Crime Classics tonight at 8 on WPAY-CBS.
53-07-20
6
The Death of a Picture Hanger
Y
53-07-20 Portsmouth Times
The cowardly deed of Robert Ford, who shot Jesse James in the back while he was putting up a picture of a horse in his parlor, will be enacted from a script from Morton Fine and David Friedkin, called the "
Death of a Picture Hanger." The show will be presented tonight at 8 oin WPAY-CBS.
53-07-27
7
The Final Day of General Ketchum and How He Died
Y
53-07-27 Portsmouth Times
The questionable death of Major General William Scott Ketchum, who led the famed Ketchum's Raiders against teh Seminoles in 1842 will be dramatized in "
The Final Day of General Ketchum and How He Died," on Crime Classics tonight at 8 on WPAY-CBS.
53-08-03
8
The Dread Events Surrounding Mr Thrower's Hammer
Y
53-08-03 Portsmouth Times
"
Mr. Thrower's Hammer," the story of a father and daughter who died under strange circumstances in England in 1793 and whose deaths didn't come to light until 11 years later, will be presented on Crime Classics at 8 tonight on WPAY-CBS
53-08-10
9
The Axe and the Droot Family; How They Fared
Y
53-08-10 Portsmouth Times
"
The Ax and the Droot Family" will be heard at 8 p.m. on Crime Classics on WPAY. It is the story of an old man who makes out his will and finds that his sons are violently killed later in a Pennsylvania crime episode.

53-08-10 San Antonio Express
Crime Classics--7 p.m. KTSA--Another unusual story titled "
The Axe and the Droot Family; How They Fared"--a tale of violence and greed that happened in Pennsylvania in 1795.
53-08-17
10
The Incredible Trial of Laura D. Fair
Y
53-08-17 Portsmouth Times
"
The Incredible Trial of Laura D. Fair" will be dramatized on Crime Classics at 8 on WPAY-CBS.
53-08-24
11
The Alsop Family; How It Diminished and Grew Again
Y
50-08-24 Portsmouth Times
James Alsop plots to kill his daughter-in-law when she becomes curious aobut the source of his fortune in a dramatization of an actual crime which took place in England in 1673. The story, "
The Alsop Family: How It Diminished and Grew Again," will be heard on Crime Classics at 8 on WPAY-CBS.
53-08-31
12
Your Loving Son, Nero
Y
53-08-31 Portsmouth Times
The year is 62 A.D. and the spot is Rome for the drama, "
Your Loving Son, Nero," which will be heard on teh Crime Classics show tonight at 8 on WPAY-CBS. The play will dramatize the story of the Roman Emperor's many attempts to slay his mother.
53-09-07
13
The Torment of Henrietta Robinson and Why She Killed
Y
[AFRTS Only]

53-09-07 Portsmouth Times
The factual story of a young girl and the steps which led her to commit a double murder will be dramatized in a documentary crime report called, "
The Torment of Henrietta Robinson and Why She Killed" tonight on WPAY-CBS.
53-09-14
--
N
53-09-21
--
N
53-09-30
14
The Bloody, Bloody Banks of Fall River
Y
[Moves to Wednesdays at 9:30]

53-09-30 Portsmouth Times
The infamous case of Lizzie Borden and the ax slaying of her father and ste p-mother at Fall River, Mass., in 1892, will be reviewed in "
The Bloody, Bloody Banks of Fall River" on Crime Classics at 9:30 tonight on WPAY-CBS.
53-10-07
15
The Hangman and William Palmer. Who Won?
Y
53-10-07 San Mateo Times
The triple slaying by Dr. William Palmer in the town of Rugely, England, in the mid-nineteenth century will be told on "Crime Classics" on KCGS at 6:30.
53-10-14
16
The Seven-Layered Arsenic Cake of Madame LaFarge
Y
53-10-14 Tucson Daily Citizen
7:30--Crime Classics. Tonight's episode: "
The Seven-Layered Arsenic Cake of Madame LaFarge" (KOPO)
53-10-21
17
Billy Bonney, Bloodletter. Also Known As 'The Kid'
Y
53-10-21 Evening Tribune
8:30 Crime Classics, "
Billy Bonney."
53-10-28
18
John Hayes; His Head. . . and How They Were Parted
Y
53-10-28 Syracuse Herald Journal
Crime Classics reconstructs an 18th Century crime from court reports and newspaper accounts. Tonight's case concerns "
John Hayes, His Head, and How They Were Parted," over WFBL
53-11-04
19
Raschi Among the Crocodiles and the Prank He Played
Y
53-11-04 San Mateo Times
"
Raschi Among the Crocodiles, and the Prank he Played" will be the title of an interesting session on KCBS' "Crime Classics" at 6:30.
53-11-11
20
Blackbeard's Fourteenth. Why She Was No Good For Him
Y
53-11-11 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): Wife makes 18th century Blackbeard out of her husband in "
Blackbeard's Fourteenth Wife."
53-11-18
21
The Triangle on the Round Table
Y
53-11-18 Syracuse Herald Journal
The wondrous days of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round table will be brought to life in a drama involving the love of Lady Guinevere, in "
The Triangle on the Round Table" on Crime Classics tonight at 9:30 over WFBL.
53-11-25
22
The Killing Story of William Corder and the Farmer's Daughter
Y
53-11-25 San Antonio Express
8:30 PM CRIME CLASSICS Intriguing true story set in Suffolk County, England, in the year 1827.

53-11-25 Brainerd Daily Dispatch
CBS--8:30 Crime Classics, "
Farmer's Daughter."
53-12-02
23
If A Body Need A Body, Just Call Burke and Hare
Y
53-12-02 Long Beach Press-Telegram
The story of
Mr. Burke and Mrs. Hare and how they obtained bodies to sell to medical schools in Edinburgh, Scotland, is told on "Crime Classics" at 9:30 p. m. on KNX.

53-12-02 Oakland Times
6:30 p.m., KCBS--CRIME CLASSICS, The mysterious pair of cadavers to a medical school is the grisly theme for "
If a Body Need a Body, Just Call Burke and Hare."
53-12-09
24
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
Y
Followed in many markets airing the CBS lineup by a Cathy and Elliott Lewis On Stage presentation of 'Our American Cousin', the play watched by Lincoln at the Ford Theatre the night of his assassination.

53-12-09 Wisconsin State Journal
Crime Classics (WKOW): "
The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln."
53-12-16
25
John and Judith. Their Crime, and Why They Didn't Get To Enjoy It
Y
53-12-16 Syracuse Herald Journal
"
John and Judith, Their Crime and Why They Didn't Get to Enjoy It," a tale of homicide in England in 1684, is dramatized tonight at 9:30 on Crime Classics over WFBL
53-12-23
Preempted
N
53-12-26 Long Beach Press-Telegram
There'll be no "Crime Classics" today on KNX since "Dead Stop" pre-empted the Wednesday net-starred work origination.
53-12-30
26
Coyle and Richardson. Why They Hung In A Spanking Breeze
Y
53-12-30 Wisconsin State Journal
rime Classics (WKOW): "
Coyle and Richardson: Why They Hung in a Spanking Breeze."
54-01-06
27
The Younger Brothers. Why Some Of Them Grew No Older
Y
54-01-06 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 Crime Classics (WKOW): "
The Younger Brothers: Why Some of Them Grew no Older."
54-01-13
28
How Supan Got the Hook Outside Bombay
Y
An announcement is made, that TV-Radio Life magazine has named the program, "The finest radio crime series of 1953."

54-01-13 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
How Supan Got the Hook Outside Bombay."
54-01-20
29
Madeline Smith, Maid or Murderess . . . Which?
Y
54-01-20 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Madeline Smith, Maid or Murderess--Which?"
54-01-27
30
The Boorn Brothers and the Hangman. A Study In Nip and Tuck
Y
54-01-27 Post-Standard
Crime Classics at 9:30 p.m. on WFBL will present another story of New England. It's called "
The Boorn Brothers and the Hangman--A tsudy in Nip and Tuck." The tale tells of a wife who, with her two brothers, plots to dispose of her husband. It's set in a peaceful Vermont village in 1612.
54-02-03
31
The Incredible History of John Shepard
Y
54-02-03 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
John Shephard and the Flock He Had."
54-02-10
32
Twenty-Three Knives Against Caesar
Y
54-02-10 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
23 Thieves Against Caesar," story of emperor's obsession.
54-02-17
33
Jean-Baptiste Troppmann. Killer of Many
Y
54-02-17 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Jean Baptiste Troppman--Killer of Many."
54-02-24
34
The Good Ship Jane. Why She Became Flotsam
Y
54-02-24 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
The Good Ship Jane, Why She Became Flotsam."
54-03-03
35
Roger Nems. How He, Though Dead, Won The Game
Y
54-03-03 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Roger Nems--How He, Though Dead, Won the Game."
54-03-10
36
New Hampshire, The Tiger and Brad Ferguson. What Happened Then
Y
54-03-10 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
New Hampshire, the Tiger, and Brad Ferguson--What Happened Then."
54-03-17
37
Old Six-Toes. How He Stopped Construction On The B. B. C. and I
Y
54-03-17 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Francisco Pizarro--His Heart on a Golden Knife."

54-03-17 Post-Standard
Crime Classics at 9:30 p.m. on WFBL will present a tale called "
Francisco Pizarro--His Heart on a Golden Knife."

Announces "
Francisco Pizarro" as next. Promotes Radio Hall of Fame story of Edmund Burke 'this Sunday night".

54-03-21 Wisconsin State Journal
8 p.m. --Hall of Fame (WKOW):
Herbert Marshall as Edmund Burke.
54-03-24
38
Francisco Pizarro. His Heart on a Golden Knife
N
54-03-24 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Francisco Pizarro--His Heart on a Golden Knife."

54-03-24 Post-Stamdard
The year 1540 will be dramatized on Crime Classics at 9:30 p.m., WFBL. "
Francisco Pizarro--His Heart on a Golden Knife" is the title of the historical crime story.
54-03-31
39
'Robby-Boy' Balfour. How He Wrecked A Big Prison's Reputation
Y
54-03-31 Post Standard
9:30
Crime Classics
54-04-07
40
The General's Daughter, Czar's Lieutenant and the Linen Closet--A Russian Tragedy
Y
54-04-07 Lowell Sun
CRIME CLASSICS: "
The General's Daughter, the Czar's Lieutenant and the Linen Closet--A Russian Tragedy," WEEI, 9:30.
54-04-14
41
James Evans, Fireman. How He Extinguished A Human Torch
Y
54-04-14 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
James Evans, Fireman--How He Extinguished a Human Torch."
54-04-21
42
Cesare Borgia. His Most Difficult Murder
Y
54-04-21 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Cesare Borgia--His Most Difficult Murder."
54-04-28
43
Widow Magee and the Three Gypsies. A Vermont Fandango
Y
54-04-28 Wisconsin State Journal
8:30 p.m.--Crime Classics (WKOW): "
Widow Magee and the Three Gypsies."
54-05-05
44
Bunny Baumler. His Close Brush With Fame
Y
54-05-05 Lowell Sun
CRIME CLASSICS: "
Bunny Baumler--How, By Hanging, He Showed Them;" WEEI, 9:30.
54-05-12
45
Mr Clarke's Skeleton in Mr. Aram's Closet. The Noise It Made
Y
54-05-12 Post-Standard
A mild-mannered Latin teacher finds himself accused of murder in England in 1758, in "
Mr. Clark's Skeleton in Mr. Aram's Closet--the Noise It Made," on Crime Classics, 9:30 p.m., WFBL.
54-05-19
--
Preempted
--
[Preempted]

54-05-19 New York Times
9-10 "
Report on Indo-China" Documentary, with Lowell Thomas, narrator; Dr. Lyman Bryson, discussion leader, and guests WCBS
54-05-26
46
The Lethal Habit of The Marquise De Brinvilliers
Y
54-05-26 Long Beach Press-Telegram
"Crime Classics" on KNX at 6:30
will now be live from the network instead of a three-day delayed recording. Tonight's story is titled "The Lethal Habit of Marquise de Brinvilliers."
54-06-02
47
Mr Jonathon Jewett. How Most Peculiarly He Cheated The Hangman
Y
54-06-02 Post-Standard
"
Mr. Jonathan Jewett--How Most Peculiarly He Cheated the Hangman"--will be heard on Crime Classics at 9:30 p.m., WFBL. It tells of life and death in a Massachusetts prison cell in 1815

54-06-09
48
The Assassination of Leon Trotsky

Y
54-06-09 Oakland Tribune
6:30 p.m., KKBS--CRIME CLASSICS: "
The Assassination of Leon Trotsky."
54-06-16
49
The Death of A Baltimore Birdie . . . and Friend
Y
54-06-16 Tuscon Daily Citizen
7:30--Crime Classics. It's a true tale of homicide entitled "
Death of a Baltimore Birdie and Friend" (KOPO)
54-06-23
50
Ali Pasha. A Turkish Delight
Y
54-06-23 Long Beach Press-Telegram
6:30 KNX--Crime Classics: "
Ali Pasha, a Turkish Delight."
54-06-30
51
Good Evening. My Name Is Jack the Ripper
Y
54-06-30 Post-Standard
Crime Classics at 9:30 p.m. on WFBL will present a Morton Fine-David Friedkin script called "
Good Evening, My Name Is Jack the Ripper." It's about the escapades of the infamous criminal.

[ Last Episode ]





AFRTS END-375 Crime Classics Program Log

Date Episode Title Avail. Notes
53-06-29
3
The Checkered Life and Sudden Death of Colonel James Fisk, Jr.
N
53-07-13
5
The Terrible Deed of John White Webster
N
53-07-27
7
The Final Day of General Ketchum and How He Died
Y
53-08-03
8
Mr Thrower's Hammer
N
53-08-17
10
The Incredible Trial of Laura D. Fair
N
53-08-24
11
The Alsop Family; How It Diminished and Grew Again
Y
53-09-07
13
The Torment of Henrietta Robinson and Why She Killed
Y
53-12-16
25
John and Judith Their Crime and Why They Didn't Get to Enjoy I
N
54-01-20
29
Madeline Smith. Maid or Murderess . . . Which?
N
54-01-27
30
The Boorn Brothers and the Hangman. A Study In Nip and Tuck
N
54-02-17
33
Jean Baptiste Troppmann; Killer of Many
Y
54-03-03
35
Roger Nems. How He, Though Dead, Won The Game
Y
54-03-10
36
New Hampshire, the Tiger and Brad Ferguson What Happened Then
Y
54-03-17
37
Old Six-Toes. How He Stopped Construction On The B. B. C. and I
Y
54-04-21
42
Cesare Borgia; His Most Difficult Murder
Y
54-05-05
44
Bunny Baumler. His Close Brush With Fame
Y
54-05-12
45
Mr Clarke's Skeleton in Mr. Aram's Closet; The Noise It Made
Y
54-06-23
50
Ali Pasha. A Turkish Delight
Y






Crime Classics Biographies




Mary Jane Croft [Lewis]
(Bathsheba Spooner and several other roles)

Stage, Screen, Television and Radio Actor
(1916-1999)

Birthplace: Muncie, Indiana, USA

Radiography:

1942 Lux Radio Theatre
1942 Dr Christian
1943 Lights Out
1945 Arch Oboler's Plays
1945 Twelve Players
1945 Cavalcade Of America
1946 Hollywood Star Time
1946 The Whistler
1946 The Mel Blanc Show
1947 The Bill Goodwin Show
1947 Suspense
1947 Favorite Story
1947 The Cases Of Mr Ace
1948 Joan Davis Time
1948 The Abe Burrows Show
1948 The Little Immigrant
1948 Hallmark Playhouse
1949 Screen Director's Playhosue
1949 Our Miss Brooks
1949 Four Star Playhouse
1949 Broadway Is My Beat
1949 The Adventures Of Ozzie and Harriet
1950 The Henn House
1950 The Amident Show
1950 The Line-Up
1950 Too Many Cooks
1950 Richard Diamond, Private Detective
1950 The Harold Peary Show
1951 Stars Over Hollywood
1951 Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar
1951 Mr Aladdin
1952 The Great Gildersleeve
1952 The Silent Men
1952 Fibber McGee and Molly
1953 Crime Classics
1953 On Stage
1953 General Electric Theatre
1953 The Railroad Hour
1953 The New Beulah Show
1954 Meet Mr McNutley
1954 Escape
1955 Romance
1956 CBS Radio Workshop
1973 Hollywood Radio Theatre
1979 Sears Radio Theatre

Mary Jane Croft ca. 1944
Mary Jane Croft ca. 1944

Mary Jane Croft entry from the October 1940 edition of Lew Lauria's Radio Artists Directory
Mary Jane Croft entry from the October 1940 edition of Lew Lauria's Radio Artists Directory

Croft and Hugh Studebaker, recording a Beaulah episode ca. 1954
Croft and Hugh Studebaker, recording a Beaulah episode ca. 1954
Mary Jane Croft voiced the long-suffering bloodhound Cleo from The People's Choice ca. 1956
Mary Jane Croft voiced the long-suffering bloodhound Cleo from The People's Choice ca. 1956

Mary Jane Croft ca. 1975
Mary Jane Croft ca. 1975

It should come as little surprise that Mary Jane Croft would seem to have appeared in so many Elliott Lewis productions for CBS. As Lewis' wife until his death in 1990, Lewis and Croft had enjoyed over 40 years of productive collaboration in Radio and Television.

Born in Muncie, Indiana, Croft worked extensively as an actress in radio, appearing on such programs as
The Adventures of Sam Spade, The Beulah Show, The Bill Goodwin Show, Blondie, Four-Star Playhouse, Honest Harold, Joan Davis Time, The Mel Blanc Show, One Man's Family, Our Miss Brooks, Romance, Sears Radio Theater, and The Story of Sandra Martin.

Indeed, Mary Jane Croft worked with hubby Lewis on both Radio and Television, either acting together, or more commonly with Elliott Lewis producing and/or directing and Croft acting. She worked with Lewis and Lewis' first wife, Cathy Lewis on Twelve Players, and on Arch Oboler's Plays, Hallmark Playhouse, Broadway Is My Beat, The Line-Up, Suspense, Mr. Alladin, Crime Classics, Elliott and Cathy Lewis On Stage, and The CBS Radio Workshop.

On Television, she worked with Lewis (with Lewis as Director) on The Lucy Show, Mothers-In-Law, and Here's Lucy. She also enjoyed a long collaboration with Lucille Ball, a relationship that developed into a lasting friendship in the process.

Prior to her involvement with Lucille Ball, she had been a frequent guest star on other television programs. She was a regular on at least two other series, as friendly neighbor Clara Randolph on The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet (ABC) and on Our Miss Brooks (CBS), in which she reprised her radio role as Miss Enright, the title character's rival. If you notice an ongoing connection with CBS it's for good reason. Elliott Lewis' career with CBS spanned over 25 years. Croft's career with CBS lasted almost 20 years.

Mary Jane Croft was also the 'voice' of Cleo the basset hound in the NBC series
The People’s Choice (1955-58). Mary Jane Croft-Lewis' only son, by a prior marriage, was tragically killed in the Vietnam War during the period that Croft was co-starring with Lucille Ball.

After the death of Elliott Lewis, Mary Jane Croft continued to stay active until her own passing nine years later. Mary Jane Croft's characteristicly droll, and often sarcastic delivery, was as identifiable in Radio as on Television. As both a character actress and comedienne, she is fondly remembered by a growing body of new fans now that much of her work from Television is becoming available.

But it's her work during The Golden Age of Radio that we celebrate here, and her performances are as enjoyable today as they were fifty years ago.



Bernard ['Benny'] Herrmann
(Music Director)
Stage, Radio, Television and Film Composer
(1911-1975)

Birthplace: New York City, New York, USA

Awards:
1948 Academy Award Nomination for Best Supporting Actor
1950 Academy Award for Best Actor as Cyrano de Bergerac

Radiography:

1937 Columbia Workshop
1937 The American School Of the Air
1938 Men Against Death
1938 Mercury Theatre
1938 Campbell Playhouse
1941 The Free Company
1941 Orson Welles Theatre
1941 We Hold These Truths
1942 Suspense
1942 Hello Americans
1943 Passport For Adams
1944 Columbia Presents Corwin
1945 Service To the Front
1945 On A Note Of Triumph
1946 Hollywood Star Time
1946 Mercury Summer Theatre
1946 CBS Symphony Orchestra
1949 Mind In the Shadow
1951 Eileen Farrell
1951 Hallmark Playhouse
1952 Crime Classics
1956 CBS Radio Workshop
1960 Have Gun, Will Travel

Bernard Herrmann, ca. 1934
Bernard Herrmann, ca. 1934

The two wunderkind of Radio, Welles and Herrmann, ca. 1938
Two wunderkind of Radio, Welles and Herrmann, ca. 1938

Welles and Herrmann confer on Mercury Theatre score, ca. 1938
Welles and Herrmann confer on Mercury Theatre score, ca. 1938

Alfred Hitchcock mugging with Herrmann, ca. 1955
Alfred Hitchcock mugging with Herrmann, ca. 1955

Herrmann's secret weapon--lots and lots of coffee, ca. 1968
Herrmann's secret weapon--lots and lots of coffee, ca. 1968
Bernard Herrmann's genius was widely respected and appreciated while he was still working. As more of his work becomes available through newly circulating recordings from The Golden Age of Radio--and new releases of his work in Film--Bernard Herrmann's body of work has reached a far larger audience. This new audience rightfully recognizes Herrmann as one of the great Music Directors and composers of the 20th Century.

A favorite of Orson Welles, Alfred Hitchcock, and Martin Scorsese alike, Herrmann's work spanned the atmospheric woodwinds that open Citizen Kane (1941), the piercing, frenetic violins of Psycho (1960), and the plaintive saxophone of Taxi Driver (1976). All were signature Herrmann touches. He was one of the most original, distinctive, and influential composers to ever work in film.

'Benny' Herrmann showed his precocious talent early on, winning a composition prize at the age of 13. He founded his own orchestra at the age of 20. After writing scores for Orson Welles's radio shows in the 1930s--including Welles' alarming "The War of the Worlds" broadcast of 1938--he was the obvious choice to score Welles's debut film, Citizen Kane (1941). Welles then tapped Herrmann to score The Magnificent Ambersons (1942). Herrmann directed that his name be removed from The Magnificent Ambersons score credits with Welles' concurrence. While Welles was in Europe after releasing the film to RKO, RKO studio executives, displeased with the length of the Mercury Production, chopped fifty minutes from the completed film. In the process they rescored much of the soundtrack, destroying Herrmann's meticulously crafted continuity in the process.

Herrmann was a prolific film composer, producing some of his most memorable work for Alfred Hitchcock, for whom he wrote nine scores. A notorious perfectionist and intensely demanding. He once observed that most directors don't have a clue about music, and routinely ignored most of their instructions--such as Hitchcock's suggestion that Psycho (1960) should have a jazz score and no music in the shower scene.

Herrmann, understandably so, had little patience for studio executives meddling with his meticulously scored film work. He ultimately ended his professional relationship with Alfred Hitchcock after Hitchcock rejected Herrmann's score for Torn Curtain (1966) on--again--pressure from studio executives.

He was also an early experimenter in the sounds used in film scores, most famously The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951), which he scored for two theremins, pianos, and a horn section. The use of the theremin in a mainstream film score was considered risky at the time but, as usual, Herrmann proved the studios wrong. The theremin scoring for The Day The Earth Stood Still stands as one of that film's most immediately recognized and effective elements. Though mimicked in several other B-movie Sci-Fi films that followed, none of them showed how to use the atmosphere it created as effectively as Herrmann had.

Herrmann's last score was for Martin Scorsese's Taxi Driver (1976.) Herrmann passed unexpectedly in his sleep, just hours after recording Taxi Driver's score.

Bernard Herrmann remains one of the most influential composers and arrangers in the history of both Radio and Film. For Golden Age Radio collectors, Herrmann's radio work remains some of the most prized recordings in their holdings. We count ourselves among them.



Elliott Lewis
(Director)
Stage, Screen, Radio, and Television Actor, Director, Producer, and Writer
(1917-1990)
Birthplace:
New York City, New York, USA

Radiography:
1937 The Cinnamon Bear
1939 The Silver Theatre
1939-1941 The Jello Program
1941 Miss Pinkerton, Inc.
1941 The Orson Welles Theatre
1941 We Hold These Truths
1942-1946 The Cavalcade of America
1942 The Gulf Screen Guild Theatre
1942 Lights Out!
1944 Command Performance
1945 The Theatre of Famous Radio Players
1945-1948 The Whistler
1945-1956 Suspense
1945 On A Note of Triumph
1945 Arch Oboler's Plays
1945 Columbia Presents Corwin
1945 Twelve Players
1945 The Life of Riley
1945 The Amazing Nero Wolfe
1946 Lux Radio Theatre
1946 Encore Theatre
1946 The Casebook of Gregory Hood
1946 Columbia Workshop
1946-1951 The Lucky Strike Program
1947 The Adventures of Sam Spade
1947 The Voyage of The Scarlet Queen
1947 Escape!
1947 Hawk Larrabee
1948 Maxwell House Coffee Time
1948 The Sweeney and March Show
1948-1952 The Phil Harris and Alice Faye Show
1949 The Kraft Music Hall
1949 Broadway Is My Beat
1950 The Line-Up
1951 Pursuit!
1952-1954 Crime Classics
1953 Onstage with Cathy and Elliott Lewis
1957 The CBS Radio Workshop
1973 The Hollywood Radio Theatre [Zero Hour]
1979 Sear Radio Theatre
1980 Mutual Radio Theatre

Elliott Lewis's comparatively sparse casting book entry circa 1942
Elliott Lewis' comparatively sparse entry from the October 1940 edition of Lew Lauria's Radio Artists Directory


Elliott Lewis c. 1944

Elliott Lewis c. 1948
Elliott Lewis c. 1948
It's safe to say that Elliott Lewis was the most prolific, versatile Renaissance Man of both Radio and Television throughout the Golden Ages of both media. Quite simply, he did it all--and superlatively. Elliott Lewis first made his mark as an actor, writer, producer and director on radio in the late 1930's. Indeed his first recorded radio appearances were in 1937's The Cinnamon Bear.

During World War II, Lewis was responsible for many of the finest Armed Forces Radio Service productions of the War years, working in conjunction with Gower Gulch fellow enlistee, Howard Duff. Indeed, being the ingenious and resourceful non-Coms that they were, they are reported to have often substituted for each other on air. Apparently each had the other's air voice down so pat that they were indistiguishable from each other when they wanted--or needed--to be. Dedicated fans of AFRS' Mystery Playhouse have been tricked without knowing it, through the personae of Sgt. "X", who, in reality was often Elliott Lewis subbing for his buddy, Duff.

Lewis' guest appearances on The Adventures of Sam Spade are some of the more memorable episodes of that series for the magical, on-air interplay between Lewis, Duff, and Lurene Tuttle.

In contrast to his extraordinary radio career, in which he worked either alone or in tandem with his first wife Cathy Lewis, and/or his second wife, Mary Jane Croft, his movie career, like those of most radio actors of the period, wasn't nearly as prolific, with only three films to his credit. His voice was also heard on Gordon Jenkins' classic recording of "Manhattan Tower" on Decca Records in 1945.

During the 1950s, he began to concentrate on writing, producing and directing in earnest. During that period, Lewis produced (1950-1956) and directed (1951-1954) CBS's long running, highly collectible Suspense program. He also produced and directed Broadway Is My Beat from 1949-1954. CBS Radio also tapped him to produce and direct Crime Classics from 1953 to 1954.

After the Golden Age of Radio effectively ended, Lewis moved to Television as a producer of such shows as The Lucille Ball Show (1962) and The Mothers-In-Law (1967), and directed all but one episode of the final season of Petticoat Junction (1963). But it was Radio that remained his first love and he continued to direct the occasional radio play well into the 1970s, culminating with Mutual's critically acclaimed Zero Hour (Hollywood Radio Theatre) in 1973, Sears Radio Theatre in 1979, and Mutual Radio Theatre in 1980 as both director and producer. These Golden Age Radio Revival dramas were some of the finest productions of the 1970s, and despite the dominance of Television, represented an enduring, sophisticated tribute to The Golden Age of Radio that Elliott Lewis had loved so very much.

CBS Radio Publicity once dubbed Elliott Lewis "Mr. Radio" because of his contributions to the medium as a writer, producer, director, and
actor. Lewis was involved in more than 1,2o0 network radio programs in those various capacities.